Doctor Who Monsters, Aliens and Villains

The Cybermen
The Cybermen Logo
The Cybermen Logo
 During the first three years of Doctor Who the Daleks reigned supreme, as the monster viewers most loved to hate, capturing the imagination of both young and old alike. Over the years, successive Doctor Who production teams have tried very hard to come up with a race of aliens to duplicate this success, with such creatures as the Zarbi and The Mechanoids, but nothing came close to the Daleks in popularity. Nothing, that is, until the very last William Hartnell story "The Tenth Planet". Broadcast in October 1966 this story introduced a villain that was to become the only really serious challenger to the Daleks' crown. They were the Cybermen.

 But who are they? What is their history? And why did the Cybermen have such an impact? After all, there is, on the face of it, little to distinguish them from the many and varied man-in-a-silver-suit robots which have been in many countless 1950's 'B' movies.

THE IDEA

The Tenth Planet
Tenth Planet Cyberman
 The Cybermen were created by Doctor Who's unofficial scientific adviser, Kit Pedler, and story editor Gerry Davies in 1966. The concept of the Cybermen came from a phobia that Kit Pedler had regarding what if the replacement of limbs and organs were to go to the extremes thus creating dehumanised creatures that were once human but were now more plastic and metal with no emotions or feelings. Kit Pedler was also interested in the differences between the human brain and advanced computers, the science of cybernetics and the concept of cybernetically enhancements creating pure logical thoughts.

The Tenth Planet
First Type of Head Piece
 The idea behind the origins of the Cybermen was based on a race of men on the planet Mondas who sought immortality. They perfected the art of cybernetics - the reproduction of machine functions in human beings. As their bodies became old and diseased, they were replaced, limb by limb, with plastic and metal. Finally, even the human circulation and nervous systems were recreated and computers replaced their brains. The first Cybermen were born.

 The idea of cybernetics being used to take over humans has been used in other fictional programmes. The most obvious, and more recent, example is the Borg in Star Trek with their desire to assimilate other races. They are less fussy in who they assimilate whereas the Cybermen are only interested in using humans to populate their race.

THEIR DESIGN


The Tenth Planet
The Chest Unit
 From the initial idea from Kit Pedler and Gerry Davies it was up to director Derek Martinus and costume designers Sandra Reid and Peter Kindred to create the image that was to become the Cybermen. In the initial scripts they were described as being: "tall, slim, with one-piece, close fitting silver mesh uniforms". On their fronts they would have "a mechanical computer-like unit consisting of switches and two rows of lights". The actor's heads were disguised using a grey fabric mask with holes cut into the material for the eyes and mouth. Silver makeup was applied to the actor's faces. As suggested in the original scripts the actor's hands would be left bare so as to remind the viewers of their true origins and that they were not just robots. Towering over the rest of the cast (the actors hired to play the Cybermen were all over six feet tall), they dominated every scene in which they appeared, commanding the viewers' total attention.

 The early voices were not provided by the actors but were provided by specialist voice artists - Roy Skelton and Peter Hawkins. In "The Tenth Planet" the Cybermen were given a disjointed singsong drawl. However from the very next story, "The Moonbase" a grating electronic monotone was used.

THEIR EVOLUTION

The Moonbase
Moonbase Cybermen
 After their first appearance brand new costumes were designed, for the Cybermen's second story - "The Moonbase", to improve on the originals in terms of impact to the viewer and also for the comfort of the actors. The costumes were less bulky and more streamlined silver body suites, with much smaller chest units and lightweight fibreglass helmets. A flap was operated by the actor to activate a moving mouth so as to distinguish which Cyberman was talking. Also the Cybermen no longer had bare hands but they were covered in gloves.

Earthshock
Earthshock Cyberman
 The biggest change in the Cybermen's appearance though came in the 1982 story "Earthshock" where they became much more impressive. Their costumes were radically redesigned and updated using an airforce pilot's G-Force suite. Although their speech remained more conversational than in the Sixties stories their lack of emotion was still used to great effect. As is evidenced by the CyberLeader's now notorious exclamation of delight, "Excellent!"

  Following their return to the series in the Tenth Doctor's era, the Cybermen were redesigned once more. Their bodies, originally a combination of metal and apparent plastic, were recreated as metal suits. Their appearance now resembled suits of thick armour, with a greater emphasis on the machines they had become than the men they used to be. Their voices were now more robotic, lacking the previous emotional comments of "Excellent!" that had been used in the past, and they act convinced of their superiority to the common human; they initially even referred to themselves as 'Human 2'.

THEIR HISTORY


The Tenth Planet
The Tenth Planet
(1966)
 The first story the Cybermen appeared in was the 1966 story "The Tenth Planet" where they attempted to capture a Space Tracking Station at the South Pole. The Cybermen's home world of Mondas - the 'Tenth Planet' of the story's title was a mirror image of Earth which had returned to the Solar System after drifting away to the furthest reaches of space. Their invasion of the base is a one of necessity to them. The Doctor still managed to defeat the Cybermen despite being in a weakened state, his companion Ben discovering their weakness to intense radiation and managed to kill several of them with hand-held uranium rods, culminating in Mondas exploding after too much energy was absorbed from Earth. This story is of course special for a totally different reason being the last story of the First Doctor's era and so containing, at the end of episode four, the famous first regeneration scene, apparently caused by a combination of old age and The Doctor’s own energy being ‘leeched’ by Mondas.

Tomb CyberController
Tomb CyberController
(1967)
 Certainly another invasion of Earth is their purpose when the Cybermen try to take over a base on the Moon in the 1967 story "The Moonbase". They are interested in the Moonbase's weather control machine, the Gravitron. However, The Doctor's companion Polly worked out a chemical solution that dissolved the plastic units in the Cybermen's chests (Affectionately nicknamed ‘Cocktail Polly’ by Ben), and The Doctor was able to use the gravity field of the Gravitron to shoot the Cybermen ships off into space before they could land.

Cybermats
Cybermats
 It was not until the Second Doctor made arrived on the planet Telos, in the 1967 story "The Tomb of the Cybermen", that he encountered the real power behind the Cybermen - the CyberController. In this story the Cybermen are in hibernation but members of an archaeology team, who are interested in locating the whereabouts of the Cybermen, inadvertently awaken them; however, it turns out that this was deliberate, as a group called the 'Brotherhood of Logic', who believed in a purely logical way of life, wanted the Cybermen's aid in spreading their beliefs. However, with The Doctor's intervention the CyberController is apparently destroyed and the Cybermen are refrozen within their tombs, the doors electrified to kill anyone who tries to open them. This story is the first appearance of the Cybermats - small, mobile machines of undefined origin; it was never revealed whether they were converted animals or totally mechanical, although later stories hinted at them being partly alive themselves.

The Wheel in Space
The Wheel in Space
(1968)
 The Cybermen did not get very far with their attempted take-over of a Space Station, in the 1968 story "The Wheel in Space", which they intended to use as a staging post for another attack of Earth, but The Doctor destroyed them by enhancing the TARDIS's Time Vector Generator - the device that allowed the TARDIS to be bigger inside than it was outside - to such an extent that the entire fleet was 'crushed'. The Cybermen were again assisted by the Cybermats, and the Cybermen themselves were seen to hatch from giant eggs, although these were probably just another form of stasis that the Cybermen were being kept in until they were ready to launch their attack.

 When the TARDIS was damaged by a missile fired from a secret moonbase ("The Invasion"), the Second Doctor found himself joining forces with the fledgling United Nations Intelligence Taskforce (UNIT), helping them investigate the company International Electromatics. Working with UNIT, The Doctor confirmed that International Electromatics' Managing Director, Tobias Vaughn, was helping the Cybermen bring their forces to Earth, hiding their army in the sewers while Vaughn planted secret chips in all of his company's equipment that would broadcast a signal capable of rendering humans unconscious. However, when Vaughn realised that the Cybermen had duped him he changed sides and helped The Doctor defeat the Cybermen's invasion fleet by deploying a transmitter Vaughn had developed to force the Cybermen to experience intense emotions and overload. While Vaughn helped The Doctor destroy the active Cybermen on Earth, the destruction of his office damaged the receiver that the Cybermen were using to amplify their signal and keep the rest of London asleep, while Zoe managed to calculate a missile trajectory that would destroy the formation of Cyberman ships approaching them from their secret moonbase. As they left Earth, the TARDIS crew detected a surviving Cybermen ship fleeing the destruction, and managed to follow the ship's hyperdrive trail back to Isos Two, a colony world that had been converted by the Cybermen to serve as their attack force for the invasion of Earth ("The ISOS Network"). The Doctor, Jamie and Zoe were separated while searching the now-empty colony, The Doctor discovering a security team from Isos that had been sent to investigate its loss while Zoe met and befriended Hilsee, a colonist who had been partially converted into a Cyberman but managed to retain his own identity. Although the security team were helpless against the Cybermen, The Doctor was soon able to determine that the Cybermen had returned to this planet to continue work on a new hyperdrive generator that functioned in a similar manner to a hadron collider, sending a ship rapidly accelerating in an underground circular tube before making the final jump. When The Doctor confronted the Cyber-Controller, Hilsee's ability to resist the Cyber-Controller's attempts to order him gave The Doctor the chance to set the prototype Cyber-ship being used for the experiment to trigger a hyperdrive portal without a destination. Although Hilsee chose to sacrifice himself to set off the ship himself as the automatic control system had been disabled so that the ship could only be piloted manually, setting off the engine in this manner caused an explosion that destroyed the colony and all the Cybermen in it while the TARDIS crew and the security team departed.

NOTE: On a more long-term note, the Cybermens' betrayal of Vaughn drove him to resent all alien life, to the extent that, thanks to a robotic body granting him virtual immortality, he returned in to plague the Seventh Doctor a thousand years later ("Original Sin") in an attempt to acquire the TARDIS to be used as another 'anti-alien' weapon after spending centuries reverse-engineering alien technology for his own ends).

The Invasion
The Invasion
(1968)
 Patrick Troughton's Doctor is the one who will always be most associated with the Cybermen, partly because he appeared with them in more stories than any of the other Doctors, but also because it was during this period that the creatures first became established as firm favourites with the viewers. It is on the strength of these superb Sixties stories that the Cybermen's reputation rests.

 Despite their popularity it is very surprising that the Cybermen did not feature in another story until some six years later. At the end of the 1968 story "Invasion" the Cybermen suddenly vanished from The Doctor's life and our screens. But they were never forgotten. Their only appearances during the Third Doctor's era was as part of The Doctor's 'nightmare' in "The Mind of Evil" (where a still photograph of one was flashed up while The Doctor was plugged into a machine that made him relive traumatic memories) and a cameo shot on the screen of Vorg's Miniscope in "Carnival of Monsters" as one of the other life forms trapped in the Miniscope. Whatever the reason for this lengthy absence from the series, fans of the Cybermen soon began to clamour for further adventures featuring them and eventually it was announced that the Cybermen would be returning in 1975.

Revenge of the Cybermen
Revenge of the Cybermen
(1975)
 When they did finally reappear again, in the Fourth Doctor's story "Revenge of the Cybermen" they were to be seen for the first time in colour. Arriving on Nerva Station some years after the CyberWars of the mid-twenty-sixth century - having been sent back to Nerva by a Time Ring following their mission to Skaro ("Genesis of the Daleks", with a brief diversion revealed in "A Device of Death"), the TARDIS now drifting back through time to join them -, The Doctor, Sarah Jane Smith, and Harry Sullivan learned that Nerva was currently acting as a beacon to warn passing ships of Jupiter’s anomalous new moon, and that a mysterious disease was infecting the station residents. Sarah was briefly infected by the virus, but The Doctor was able to devise a cure by using the transmit to remove the infected cells from her body, also learning that the plague was being transmitted by Cybermats, allowing The Doctor to realise that the Cybermen were involved. The treacherous human Kellman, a civilian scientist visiting Nerva, had lured a surviving group of Cybermen towards the new moon, which was a surviving fragment of Voga, known as the planet of gold for its abundant quantity of the metal, having drifted into the solar system after the destruction of its main body. Kellman was allegedly aiding the Cybermen in their plan to destroy Voga - the story revealed that gold is lethal to the Cybermen as it clogged up their respiratory systems due to its non-corrodible nature, making the Vogans a key enemy of the Cybermen, although later stories have shown the Cybermen to have varying degrees of vulnerability to the mineral -, while really luring the Cybermen into a trap so that they could be destroyed and spare Voga from their threat by trapping them on Nerva and destroying it with a missile. However, the Fourth Doctor was able to ruin both Kellman's and the Cybermen's plans by disarming the bombs that the Cybermen would have used to destroy Voga and reprogramming the Skystriker missile to miss both Voga and Nerva, the missile destroying the fleeing Cyberman vessel while The Doctor piloted Nerva to safety despite the Cybermens’ attempt to turn it into a weapon by loading their remaining bombs onto the station.

Assimilation2 - Issue 3
Assimilation2
Issue 3
 During a brief trip to another universe, The Doctor found himself assisting the crew of Star Trek’s USS Enterprise - Captain James T. Kirk, Commander Spock, Doctor Leonard ‘Bones’ McCoy, and Chief Engineer Montgomery Scott - in thwarting a Cybermen invasion of a Federation archaeological outpost examining a relay station created by an unknown race. With the Enterprise crew puzzled at the team’s lack of emotion, The Doctor was able to help them access the facility to learn that the survey team have been implanted with cybernetic earpieces that kept them under control while the Cybermen prepared to arrive en masse. The Cybermen were quickly defeated with high-powered phasers - along with The Doctor’s use of gold taken from the Starfleet communicators - and the invasion was apparently thwarted, although this merely delayed the Cybermens’ plans rather than stopping them.

(NOTE: This encounter was retroactively inserted into The Doctor’s past when the Cybermen successfully entered the Star Trek universe and changed history to allow them to form an alliance with the Borg during the Eleventh Doctor’s era; the Eleventh Doctor claimed in the aftermath of the crisis that the Cyber-fleet’s destruction would negate the events that had taken place for all but the crews of the Enterprise-D and the TARDIS, although he would presumably still remember this experience).

 While the Fourth Doctor and Leela prepared for a fishing trip to the planet Krelos, The Doctor’s new robotic companion K9 accidentally discovered an old ‘trap’ that had been set by the Cybermen ("The Fate of Krelos/Return to Telos"). During the Second Doctor’s visit to Telos, Jamie had been exposed to Cyber-nanites that had subsequently infected the TARDIS console room, but the nanites had been left dormant in the TARDIS for centuries until K9’s experiments with the ship’s architectural configuration restored the Second Doctor’s console settings and resulted in him being exposed to the nanites. With Krelos now reliant on a heavily interlinked system of technology, all it took was one nanite-infected robot coming in contact with a microwave to infect the entire technological network on Krelos, allowing the Cybermen to mount a devastating invasion on the planet mere minutes after the initial infection. Fortunately, despite such close calls as The Doctor and Leela going back to see what had caused the planetary devastation, or a Cybermen temporal squad nearly killing the Second Doctor while trying to intercept the Fourth after he went back to the time of his original visit to Telos, The Doctor was able to undo the invasion by using a Krelos robot designed to be remotely controlled by projected brainwaves and a particle vacuum cleaner to clean all the nanite particles off Jamie before he could return to the TARDIS. As the particles were no longer taken into the TARDIS, K9 was never infected with them and the invasion of Krelos was completely erased, with the result that not even The Doctor and Leela remembered what had happened.

Earthshock
Earthshock
(1982)
 In the television series itself, however, there was another gap of some six years before the Cybermen were to return to the screen again. During a trip to the twenty-sixth century and an investigation of a cavern full of fossils ("Earthshock"), the Fifth Doctor discovered the Cybermen trying to destroy Earth in response to a vast conference being arranged to discuss an alliance against the Cybermen, the Cybermen fully aware that they couldn’t prevail against such a force. The cavern had been intended to be the site where the Cybermen would detonate a bomb to destroy Earth, but The Doctor, his companions, and a team sent to investigate the cavern were able to disarm it, subsequently using the TARDIS to trace the transmissions being sent to the bomb back to their source in the form of a freighter loaded with a small army of Cybermen, intending to crash the freighter into Earth to trigger the same explosive effect. Fortunately, the ship was caught in a temporal anomaly and sent back in time by several million years as it approached Earth, with the result that the Cybermen not only failed to destroy humanity, but actually succeeded in creating it; when it struck Earth, the ship became the 'meteor' that rendered the dinosaurs extinct. Unfortunately, this resulted in the death of The Doctor's companion Adric, who had remained on the ship in a foolish attempt to disable the Cybermen programming locking it on course, not realising the potential consequences if he'd succeeded, his death thus being nothing but a tragic, pointless accident. The Cybermen in this story were of a much more futuristic design, and "Earthshock" succeeded in re-establishing Kit Pedler's creations as top favourites with the viewers.

Audio - Spare Parts
Spare Parts
(Marc Platt)
 Following this, The Doctor and Nyssa were forced to endure the most terrible confrontation with the Cybermen of all; a confrontation that revealed the full details of the Cybermen's origins ("Spare Parts"). After Mondas left Earth's solar system, the atmosphere faded and the surface froze, leaving the population forced to retreat into vast underground caverns to survive. Unfortunately, this made actually leaving the caverns and stepping onto the planet's surface impossible; having spent so long underground, the entire population had become, essentially, claustrophobic, incapable of going onto the surface without collapsing in screams. With Mondas having developed a means of steering the planet, the people needed to go onto the surface in order to start the 'engines' before they hit a dangerous special anomaly known as the Cherrybowl Nebula, and thus the Cyber-process was the only means of ensuring their survival. However, the process was not without its problems; for example, it required their emotions to be removed as it was too traumatic otherwise, and success rates for Cyber-conversion were only 19% of the total converted, thus necessitating continuous conversion. When The Doctor and Nyssa arrived on Mondas, The Doctor was scanned by Doctorman Christine Allan - the scientist responsible for originally creating the Cybermen - who discovered that The Doctor had a third lobe in his brain that controlled his body functions, which gave her the idea to duplicate the process for the other Cybermen - in other words, the entire Cyber-race was based on The Doctor. Resolved to fight this, The Doctor managed to activate Mondas's engines and render the conversion process unnecessary, sending the planet back towards Earth and away from the Nebula, but, even as he and Nyssa departed, they had no way of knowing that Cyber-commander Zheng - the 'leader' of the Cybermen - was still active, and resolved to continue conversion...

The Five Doctors
The Five Doctors
(1983)
 A year AFTER "Earthshock", in the 20th anniversary story "The Five Doctors", the Cybermen made a welcome return to help celebrate this special event in the shows history. In this story two small groups of Cybermen find themselves within the Death Zone on Gallifrey. A Raston Warrior Robot destroys one team while the other ended up being slaughtered by The Master's trickery, although his actions did provide the First Doctor and Tegan Jovanka with much-needed information about a trap in the Dark Tower, the Tomb of Rassilon. Even though they are not central to the main plot their presence leads to some magnificent action scenes. The Third Doctor at last gets a chance to come face to face with the Cybermen, when he witnesses the Raston Warrior Robot slaughtering the attacking Cybermen as he and Sarah Jane tried to enter the Dark Tower - which must rate as one of the best ever cyber battles ever seen in Doctor Who.

While investigating a strange energy ‘spike’ that, according to an enthusiastic ‘fan’ of The Doctor’s, accompanied most of his visits to Earth, the Fifth Doctor was reunited with his old companion Tegan while investigating a spike in 2006 ("The Gathering"), while his current companions Peri and Erimem spent some time in Monte Carlo ("The Veiled Leopard"). After Tegan was abducted at gunpoint by her friend and employee Katherine Chambers, a woman who The Doctor would apparently meet in his future and her past, Katherine revealed that she was trying to save her brother Nate using Cyber-technology. However, her goals went further than that; Katherine’s new ‘grand plan’ was to use Cyber-technology to cure all illnesses, believing that the continued life was worth the sacrifice of being under the control of technology. In the end, however, The Doctor and Tegan managed to appeal to all that was left of the original, human Nate, convincing him and Katherine that what she was doing was wrong, causing the Nate-Cyberman to activate the computer’s self-destruct system. Having taken Katherine away to get help in coping with her past, The Doctor said one last goodbye to Tegan before departing, reassured that she had enjoyed her time with him.

Attack of the Cybermen
Attack of the Cybermen
(1985)
 The Cybermen made another attempt to avert the destruction of Mondas, their home planet, in the 1985 story "Attack of the Cybermen". While chasing an alien in distress the Sixth Doctor became embroiled in a plot by the Cybermen to destroy Earth by using the approaching Halley's Comet, thus averting Mondas's destruction by destroying Earth before Mondas itself could be destroyed in their encounter in "The Tenth Planet". The Cybermen took The Doctor back to Telos where he encountered a recovered and rebuilt CyberController, masterminding the plan. With the help of Telos' native inhabitants, the Cryons, as well as a former adversary-turned-ally in the form of the bounty hunter Lytton (Last seen working for the Daleks), The Doctor was able to thwart the Cybermen's plan and destroy the CyberController. The biggest problem with the Cybermen in this story is the ease in which they could be shot, blown up and decapitated which made them seem very vulnerable as never seen before.

Audio - The Reaping
The Reaping
(Joseph Lidster)
 During a return visit to Peri's home time to allow her to attend the funeral of the father of one of her friends ("The Reaping"), The Doctor and Peri were pitted against a race of Cybermen from the distant future, who were so weakened by recent wars that, despite having been in the past for almost two years, their only convert was the father of Peri’s friend. The Cyberleader attempted to force The Doctor to take him back in time to ensure that the human race would become a new breed of Cybermen, thus averting Mondas’s destruction, but The Doctor tricked the damaged Cyberleader into leaving the TARDIS on a version of Mondas in the distant past, where the Cyberleader was taken away by the contemporary Cybermen to be ‘repaired’. As The Doctor and Peri departed, The Doctor was left unaware that Peri’s friends were actually Nate and Katherine (Presumably he had forgotten about them due to his traumatic regeneration), and was left unaware of the terrible fate that awaited the two of them in his future and their past.

 Some time later, after Peri had departed the TARDIS, The Doctor took his new companion, Grant Markham, back to Grant's home planet of Agora in an attempt to investigate the cause of Grant's long-standing robophobia ("Killing Ground"). Discovering that the Cybermen were converting every male on the planet into a Cyberman - indeed, they’d been doing so for years - Grant nearly allowed himself to become partly cybernetic to fight the Cybermen after they killed his father, but he was convinced not to forsake his humanity. He also learned that the reason for his robophobia was due to repressed memories of his escape from Agora, when his mother was killed by a Cyberman. When the other members of the anti-Cybermen resistance - known as the Bronze Knights - were slaughtered by the Cybermen, Grant deactivated them by turning down the temperature, taking advantage of them having been designed to be cryogenically frozen. The Doctor subsequently destroyed the frozen Cybermen using a cannon on the Cybermen’s stolen Selachian warship, tricking the Cyber-leader into firing the gun after it had been reprogrammed to backfire.

Audio - Legend of the Cybermen
Legend of the Cybermen
(Mike Maddox)
The Sixth Doctor’s next confrontation with the Cybermen was definitely one of his most memorable, since it resulted in him technically being reunited with two of his old companions. During an assault on a space station, the Cybermen captured the Second Doctor’s old companion Zoe Heriot, but their subsequent attempt to convert her into a Cyber-Planner - Zoe’s small size rendering it impractical to convert her into a true Cyberman - resulted in them unintentionally breaking the mental blocks the Time Lords had placed on Zoe’s mind ("The War Games"), restoring her memories of her travels with The Doctor while also granting her access to the ship’s control systems. In a desperate attempt to stop the Cybermen hurting anyone else, Zoe took the ship into the Land of Fiction, reactivating the central computer to take control of the fictional constructs and use them against the Cybermen, only to find herself facing an even greater threat when the Cybermen began to convert the fictional characters they defeated into Cybermen. Facing such diverse threats as Cyber-trolls and Cyber-fairies, with her army being rapidly reduced to such soldiers as Lieutenant Alice Liddel (Of "Alice in Wonderland"), General Dracula - having replaced General Sherlock Holmes after his death -, and the Artful Dodger, Zoe became aware that the Cybermen sought control of the Land’s master computer, intending to use it to destroy human imagination by reversing the polarity to suppress imagination rather than enhance it, making all sentient races easy prey for the Cyber-conversion process. With the Cybermats having been modified to devour data in order to further disrupt the Land of Fiction - one of the first casualties of the war being the ‘four-colour kingdom’ where comic books and superheroes were located -, and the Cybermen mining ‘ink’ on the outskirts of the Land in order to provide them with additional forces, Zoe - having failed to create a fictional duplicate of The Doctor to assist her - was forced to send a signal into the real universe to bring the true Doctor - now in his sixth incarnation - to help her, simultaneously providing him with a fictional duplicate of Jamie to protect him while he made his way through the Land ("City of Spires"). Using the Cybermens’ ‘datamats’ - data-based Cybermats that functioned in a similar manner to computer viruses -, The Doctor was able to rewrite the datamats’ programming so that they could rewrite notional reality, thus undoing the Cyber-programming and turn the converted fictional characters back into fiction. While the fictional characters kept the Cybermen occupied, The Doctor, Zoe and a fictional duplicate of Zoe - created by the real Zoe as a distraction - released the ‘datamats’ into the Cybermen computer systems, disrupting the Cybermens’ grasp of reality and causing the Cybership to wink out of existence, along with all the fictionally-converted Cybermen ("Legend of the Cybermen").

Interestingly enough, the Sixth Doctor's next encounter with the Cybermen also featured a reunion with Jamie and Zoe, although this was once again a complex one. As part of the latest scheme of the Doctor's old friend-turned-foe The Meddling Monk ("The Time Meddler"), The Monk's latest attempt to manipulate the Doctor's timestream caused the Sixth Doctor to switch places with the Second just as the TARDIS landed on a planet where a small Cyber-platoon was hiding after a devastating defeat in the Cyber-Wars a decade prior ("Last of the Cybermen"). After the three were captured by a historical expedition trying to access the 'tomb' for relics of the Cyber-Wars, Zoe offered their help accessing the relics in exchange for their freedom, but the Sixth Doctor soon realised that the Second had discovered the Citadel's true nature just before the two Doctors switched places; if events had played out with the Second's involvement, he would have left the planet in a panic and the tomb would have gone undisturbed, but due to the Sixth's arrival causing the TARDIS crew to remain as they tried to find a solution, Zennox, the leader of the expedition, was revealed to be a member of the Brotherhood of Logicians ("The Tomb of the Cybermen"), who sought to reactivate the Cyber-Planner located in the citadel to draw in a surviving Cyberman fleet that had become trapped in warp-space during the final battle and needed a signal from the citadel to escape. Restored to the universe, the Cybermen now intended to destroy Earth as the final battle had confirmed that humanity would always resist them, taking The Doctor and Zoe into the warp field and back in time with the fleet while leaving Jamie in the citadel as a hostage. However, the other members of the expedition then revealed to Jamie that they had been present at the battle and thus always knew that The Doctor and Zoe would go back in time. Despite the Cybermen attempting to alter their defeat and save the Super Controller by transferring its mind into Zoe, The Doctor was able to help Zoe shake off the Controller's influence long enough for her to send a signal to the displaced fleet that would cause them to crash into Telos, destroying the planet and the Cybermen on it before any could escape while The Doctor and Zoe got away in the TARDIS (After transmitting a signal to the Second Doctor's past TARDIS so that he would visit the moon in the first place and thus be in a position for the Sixth to swap with him and destroy the Cyber-fleet).

Silver Nemesis
Silver Nemesis
(1988)
The Cybermen's final television encounter was in the 1988 story "Silver Nemesis", where they are planning to invade Earth again in force. This time around, the main action centres on their desire to possess the statue of Lady Peinforte made from the powerful living metal Validium, although they end up being forced into conflict with a group of Nazis attempting to establish the Fourth Reich, the Nazis possessing a piece of the statue where the Cybermen had only their advanced technology. They form a temporary alliance with the Nazis to acquire the Validium - with Peinforte possessing poisoned golden arrows, the Cybermen are at a disadvantage that the Reich soldiers would not possess - but they eventually betrayed the Reich having acquired the Validium. The Seventh Doctor subsequently used the Validium to destroy the Cybermen's invasion fleet, having discreetly 'reprogrammed' it without their knowledge, while The Doctor's companion Ace used her catapult to kill the remaining Earth-bound Cybermen using gold dust.

While investigating strange occurrences in London during the Blitz, The Doctor and Ace discovered a group of Cybermen hiding in the sewers ("Illegal Alien"). The Cybermen in question were a group of sleeper agents sent back from the future to prepare Earth for an invasion, but damage in a German raid forced a small rescue mission to be sent back, and the damaged Cyberman now required blood to restore the balance between its organic and mechanical components. After destroying one of the Cyber-conversion facilities by turning on the lights during an air raid, a Nazi attempt to gain control of a group of dormant Cybermen was averted when the command unit was destroyed, devastating the entire Cybermen army. The Cyber-technology here was subsequently used by a secret government branch who was experimenting with early cybernetic implants ("Loving the Alien"), but the group was shut down after Earth was nearly invaded by an alternate version of itself when the actions of The Doctor’s old foe George Limb resulted in the barriers between alternate worlds breaking down.

Audio - The Harvest
The Harvest
(Dan Abnett)
During their first meeting with their future companion, Thomas Hector ‘Hex’ Schofield ("The Harvest"), The Doctor and Ace found themselves confronting another Earth-based group of Cybermen. Hiding in a hospital that was using experimental medical technology to provide cybernetic implants to badly-wounded people, the Cybermen were also undergoing a reversal of the Cyber-conversion process, allowing themselves to turned back into human beings to experience organic life once more. However, their real motives were far less appealing; by providing medical technology, the Cybermen had created a conversion factory right in the heart of London, and, with the Cyber-Leaders coordinating the situation from there, Earth would be dominated by the Cybermen in under three weeks. As The Doctor confronted the converted Cyber-Leader, Ace and Hex activated a termination protocol that shut down all Cyber-humans, leaving the factory in ruins as The Doctor and Ace departed with Hex as a new companion.

When the TARDIS was nearly used by a race called the Charrl to travel to Earth from their home planet ("Birthright"), it suffered a breakdown that caused it to materialise on Earth in the early twentieth century. As a result of the attempt, The Doctor's companions Benny and Ace were left with two different versions of the main TARDIS shell - now reverted to a simple police box after the Time Vector Generator was removed, with Benny holding the main TVG - while The Doctor took the Jade Pagoda - the TARDIS 'escape pod' - and found himself in the Arctic ("Iceberg"), where an Antarctic tour discovered a group of Cybermen who had crashed there following their failed attempt to conquer Earth in 1986. Even worse, the 'tour' was actually there to test a device called FLIPback, that had been developed in the event of Earth's magnetic polarity reversing; FLIPback would reverse the Earth's magnetic polarity back to the way it was... but could just as easily cause the disaster it was designed to avert. Aided by investigative journalist Ruby Duvall, The Doctor confronted this small group of Cybermen as they attempted to convert the people on the Antarctic tour, managing to bring them off-balance by reversing Earth's polarity before they were ready for it, allowing Ruby to destroy the Cyber-army with a cobalt bomb. Ruby briefly tried to join The Doctor on his travels, but the Jade Pagoda returned to the main TARDIS while Ruby was busy collecting her personal effects, leaving her behind.

On a later trip to the planet Tasak - while searching for some tea, which was said to particularly good on Tasak, most likely due to it still being a steam-powered society - the Seventh Doctor encountered an undercover operative called Temeter, investigating a strange energy trace from the city of Ardent. Arriving in the city, The Doctor discovered that the ruling House of Argentia was attempting to arrange a peace conference that would stabilise the society after a recent devastating world war, using alien technology discovered on the sacred island known as the Heart to cure sicknesses with nanotechnology. However, after investigating the Heart himself, The Doctor realised that Tasak was a Cyberman tomb-world, the Cybermen waiting in stasis until they were activated. Taking advantage of the fact that the Cybermen’s headquarters was powered by geothermal energy from the dormant magma chamber underneath the island, The Doctor and his allies planted explosives to crack the magma chamber, unleashing a river of lava that destroyed the dormant Cybermen before they could be activated. As The Doctor departed, however, he noted that the Cybermen’s legacy on Tasak would actually be to create peace due to the advances achieved by use of their technology, reflecting that it was only how knowledge was used that defined whether it was good or evil rather than what it began as.

Audio - The Silver Turk
The Silver Turk
(Marc Platt)
The Eighth Doctor first encountered the Cybermen in an unexpected location; when taking new companion Mary Shelly ("The Company of Friends - Mary’s Story") to the Viennesse Exposition in 1873 ("The Silver Turk") as an early demonstration of the TARDIS’s abilities (Although he had been intending to take a hop only in space to visit Vienna in Mary’s time), where The Doctor realised that the mysterious ‘Silver Turk’, an apparent automaton created by a man named Alfred Stahlbaum, was really a badly-damaged early Cyberman from Mondas before it reached Earth, crippled in a horrific accident that took all but one of its arms before it was found by a forester and purchased by Stahlbaum, Stahlbaum fitting it with a wooden arm and teaching it how to play games and music. Learning of mysterious recent disappearances from cab-driver Ernst Bratfisch and Count Rolf Wittenmeier and his wife Mitzi - Rolf being one of Stahlbaum’s investors while Mitzi was an old friend of Stahlbaum’s -, the perpetrator being described as a malformed creature with three arms and a misshapen head, The Doctor determined that the Turk was too badly damaged to be committing the murders, its energy supplies being virtually drained. Learning that Stahlbaum had recovered the Turk while working with the mysterious Doctor Johan Drossel, now advertising a marionette show at the Exposition, The Doctor and Mary realised that he was responsible for the disappearances, but Drossel’s mysterious forces managed to capture Mary and the Countess while The Doctor attempted to control Drossel. While imprisoned, Mary encountered the killer in the form of a damaged Cyberman called Gram, this one capable of speech but with its mechanical components breaking down and its organic components sick. Talking with Gram, Mary learned that Gram had initially believed that he was on Mondas, having been on a scoutship that got lost trying to return home, Drossel keeping Gram as a servant to the point of being ignorant that Gram could speak. Horrified to learn that Drossel was using Gram to commit murder to collect eyes so that he could complete his creations - puppet duplicates capable of speech and independent movement -, Mary inadvertently revealed the existence of the other Cybermen, prompting Gram to take control of Drossel’s puppets to find ‘Brem’ just as Drossel prepared to meet with the Austrian Empress and replace her with his duplicate. Although Mary believed that she had befriended Gram, he took her as a hostage to rescue Brem, attempting to recharge by climbing to the top of a nearby cathedral and allowing himself to be struck by lightning in a storm. His power restored enough to communicate, Brem suggested that they remove the neuro-generation unit from his head to serve as a transmitter to send a message to Mondas to confirm their location, while The Doctor and Mart tried to find Drossel. Confronting their enemy as he prepared to deploy his puppet army, The Doctor dismissed Drossel’s ‘perfect world’ as nothing more than pandering to Drossel’s ego, the puppets having nothing behind them but blind orders in contrast to The Doctor’s preference for companions who showed initiative. Realising that Stahlbaum and Drossel had been programmed with the Cyber-imperative by their captives, Stahlbaum’s mind breaking down while Drossel was developing his puppets due to a lack of resources to create actual Cybermen, The Doctor was able to dismantle the puppet of the Empress, but it took Gram’s attack to give The Doctor the chance to escape, Gram taking control of Drossel’s puppets and using them as weapons. With Brem’s neuro-generation unit nearly converted into the required transmitter, Gram attempted to take The Doctor’s sonic screwdriver to use it as a power source, but Mary was able to destroy the screwdriver, leaving Gram and Drossel - who had partially converted himself into a puppet - to collapse as their systems finally succumbed to the damage, The Doctor and Mary burning the puppets to destroy all trace of Gram’s presence.

Audio - Sword of Orion
Sword of Orion
(Nicholas Briggs)
During the Eighth Doctor's first trip with new companion Charley Pollard, he materialised in the far future during the Orion War ("Sword of Orion"), a war between humans and androids that began when humanity made its androids too realistic, to the extent that the androids demanded equal rights from the authorities, going to war when they were refused. When the TARDIS accidentally materialised on a spaceship where one of the crew had been murdered by a being of great strength, The Doctor discovered that the power problems were because of a Cybermat that had infiltrated the ship, and subsequently discovered that the ship had deliberately made contact with a ship full of dormant Cybermen; the ship's captain, Deeva, was an Earth Security operative sent to attempt to form an alliance with the Cybermen against the androids. As the entire crew were converted, Deeva was revealed to be an android double agent seeking the Cyber conversion process to convert humans to fight for the androids, but, as an ion storm struck the ship, Deeva, changed by her time with The Doctor and Charley, sacrificed herself to ensure the destruction of the Cybermen, giving The Doctor and Charley time to retreat to the TARDIS.

Some time after this, following Charley’s attempt to leave The Doctor following the death of fellow companion C’rizz, The Doctor and Charley were forced to investigate a temporal ‘hump’ - swelling in space/time caused by pressure in the event ridges - that had thrown them off course, causing them to land in Singapore in 2008 rather than 1931. Tracking the hump to the SS Batavia - a ship that was marooned in the harbour in 1942, - The Doctor and Charley swiftly learned that it contained a small group of Cybermen that had attacked it in 1942 after an experimental generator designed to help them avoid detection transferred the ship to the year 500 000 - by which point Earth had been abandoned, - the generator being reprogrammed based on signals that were sent by the Cybermen into the past. Tracking the ship to its new location, The Doctor was horrified to learn that the Cybermen intended to establish cybernetic conversion facilities in 1942. With the Cyber-Planner’s body damaged due to temporal corrosion, the Planner transferred its intellect into Charley’s body moments before The Doctor transferred the Batavia back to 1942, allowing the ship to be hit by torpedoes to preserve history. Due to Charley’s brain being incapable of holding the Cyber-Planner, the Planner attempted to transfer itself into The Doctor, but The Doctor rewired the transmission and restored Charley to normal. Unfortunately, at the last minute a deranged and partly converted treasure-hunter who had sought the Batavia’s supposed gold reserves attacked The Doctor, forcing The Doctor to take him to the future to acquire Cyber-technology only to be subsequently killed by the remaining Cybermen. Although Charley managed to destroy the ship, the subsequent disintegration caused the TARDIS’s HADS to activate, resulting in the TARDIS dematerialising, with The Doctor’s recent memories so scrambled that he was unable to recall what had precisely happened to Charley (Who went on to be rescued by the Sixth Doctor, leaving her in an awkward position as she was thus forced to prevent herself from letting this Doctor know anything about her time with his future self).

Some time after Charley’s departure, The Doctor, while searching for new companion Lucie Miller after she had been abducted by the mysterious Headhunter - who had been tracking Lucie throughout time since she joined The Doctor on his travels - discovered that the Headhunter had taken her to an alien war machine on a distant planet disguised as an office, the ‘office manager’ Hubert brainwashing humans to run war machines that he provided to alien races currently at war… with the pre-Telos Cybermen being the opponents of his latest ‘clients’. After Hubert was convinced to side with the Cybermen, The Doctor and Lucie discovered that the Time Lord Celestial Intervention Agency - a group of Time Lords who interfered with affairs of the universe that might endanger the timeline or Time Lord supremacy of the Time Vortex - had deliberately engineered the war in an attempt to destroy the Cybermen. Using the Agency’s Quantum Crystaliser - a device which altered possible futures to create the best possible outcome for the user - The Doctor reprogrammed the Crystaliser to increase its range while ensuring its goal of defeating the Cybermen, causing all the Cybermen on the planet to be killed before the device itself was rendered useless when a Cyberman attempted to activate it.

Rise of the Cybermen/The Age of Steel
Rise of the Cybermen / The Age of Steel (2006)
After not encountering them for almost two lifetimes, the Tenth Doctor, Rose Tyler and Mickey Smith finally had their own confrontation with the Cybermen, during the events of "Rise of the Cybermen/The Age of Steel". Having accidentally travelled into an alternate version of Earth - exactly where its history diverged from ours was never expressly revealed - The Doctor and Rose visited the mansion home of the alternate Pete and Jackie Tyler, while Mickey encountered his alternate self... just in time for The Doctor and Rose to find themselves caught in the middle of an attack by the newborn Cybermen of that universe. Created by the dying genius John Lumic, who sought a means to cure himself of his illness, these Cybermen were regarded by Lumic as the next necessary stage in human evolution, and he was determined to 'upgrade' the entire population of Earth by force. While The Doctor kept the Cyber-Controller Lumic occupied, Mickey managed to find the code that would deactivate the emotional inhibitor chip, thus causing the Cybermen to self-destruct as they were finally capable of realising the horror of what they had become.

Army of Ghosts/Doomsday
Army of Ghosts / Doomsday (2006)
A couple of years after this confrontation, the surviving Cybermen of that world managed to use an experiment being conducted by the Torchwood institute of this reality to cross over into this universe, following the trail of a 'Void ship' - a ship designed to 'hide' in the void between universes ("Army of Ghosts/Doomsday"). However, once the Cybermen had crossed over, it was discovered that the ship was created by the last four Daleks in existence - the Cult of Skaro, a secret order created to think like the enemy and develop new ways of killing-, resulting in a moment that Doctor Who fans had longed for ever since the two species became the nightmares they are today; a war between the Daleks and the Cybermen. Initially, the Cybermen had the advantage of numbers - it was five million Cybermen to only four Daleks, after all - but the Daleks' advanced weapons gave them the edge regardless, and after the Daleks managed to open a Time Lord prison capsule, the Cybermen lost even the advantage of numbers, with millions of Daleks filling the skies of London. However, as both species had passed through the void, The Doctor was able to defeat both of them by opening the rift into the Void, thus drawing both species into the ‘null space’ between universes due to them having absorbed 'background radiation' when they passed through the void. With the rift open, both species were pulled into the void, essentially being trapped in a dimension that has become known as ‘Hell’ by some people.

However, some Cybermen - those who had been converted on this side of the rift - remained behind regardless of The Doctor's efforts. One of these - Lisa Hallet - was rescued by her boyfriend, Ianto Jones, who went on to work at Torchwood Three in Cardiff, under the command of the Ninth Doctor's old companion Captain Jack Harkness. He attempted to restore Lisa to her original human form with the aid of a cybernetics expert, convinced that she was still human underneath her upgrades, but when awakened, Lisa reverted to her Cyberman personality and attempted to convert the Torchwood base into the focus for her new Cyberman army. She nearly killed Jack (His immortality after being resurrected by Rose following "The Parting of the Ways" being the only thing that saved him), but, seeing how far Ianto had gone to protect her, Lisa transplanted her brain into the body of a pizza delivery girl so they could be together. Clearly insane, and still claiming they both could be upgraded, Lisa's new body was shot and killed by the rest of the Torchwood team (Interestingly enough, it was implied that Jack has experience with the 'original' Cybermen when he discussed the damage that the Cybermen could do if Lisa was allowed to exist, although this was never expressly stated).

While travelling with Martha Jones, The Doctor discovered another group of Cybermen who had been converted on this side of the dimensional rift and thus remained after the others were sucked into the Void. Although these Cybermen attempted to use alien technology - presumably salvaged from Torchwood - to open the Void and release their army once again, their initial experiments simply resulted in sending them randomly teleporting around London, forcing them to try and find The Doctor to force him to help them. With Martha having tracked them down to their headquarters at the Millennium Dome, The Doctor led a small army unit to confront the Cybermen, the soldiers destroying five of the Cybermen before The Doctor was able to destroy them by opening a space-time portal to the last location where he and Martha had been prior to their return to London (Which, since the TARDIS had previously been visiting prehistoric times, meant that the Cybermen were torn apart by a T-Rex).

The Next Doctor
The Next Doctor (2008)
Another group of Cybermen eventually managed to escape the Void when Davros’s attempts to trigger the Reality Bomb ("The Stolen Earth/Journey's End") destabilised the dimensional barriers, allowing a small group of Cybermen to escape the Void with stolen Dalek technology, including various ‘infostamps’ that contained all the information they would require to survive in this universe. Arriving in London in 1851, the Cybermen recruited the aid of workhouse matron Miss Mercy Hartigan to gather children to use as a work force to construct a ‘Cyber-King’, a gigantic mobile Cyber-conversion factory that simultaneously acted as a war machine; their lack of resources necessitated them using more subtle methods than usual. However, their attempts were thwarted when the Tenth Doctor discovered their presence in London, allying himself with Jackson Lake, a mathematics professor who had been exposed to an infostamp containing information about The Doctor when he discovered the Cybermen in his basement; the trauma of witnessing the Cybermen kill his wife and abduct his son resulted in Jackson briefly believing that he was The Doctor before the genuine article arrived, causing him to seek information about the Cybermen while trying to defend London from their attack. Despite the shock of learning that his identity was a lie when The Doctor deduced what had happened, Lake nevertheless aided The Doctor in fighting the Cybermen, using the infostamps as weapons by damaging their power sources and using them to overload the Cybermen while The Doctor evacuated the children from the Cyber-King before it activated. Although the Cybermen attempted to convert Miss Hartigan to become the Cyber-King, her mind proved so powerful that she came through the conversion process with emotions intact, although her lust for power and respect meant that she continued to lead the Cyber-King against London regardless. Using a hot-air balloon Jackson had developed as his own TARDIS - Tethered Aerial Release Developed In Style - The Doctor flew up to confront Miss Hartigan as she sat in the chest of the Cyber-King, subsequently using an infostamp to break through both the Cyber-programming and her rage and anger, forcing her to truly look at what she had become. Screaming in horror at the realisation of her true nature, Miss Hartigan triggered the Cybermens’ self-destruct before destroying herself, The Doctor subsequently using the vortex generator the Cybermen had used to escape the Void to send the Cyber-King into the Time Vortex, where it would disintegrate harmlessly.

The Pandorica Opens/The Big Bang
The Pandorica Opens/The Big Bang (2010)
The Eleventh Doctor’s first encounter with the Cybermen occurred in the Arctic, when he and his companion Amy Pond responded to a distress signal, discovering an Arctic base where a geological expedition had discovered a long-dormant Cyber-ship, the reactivated Cybermats infecting the expedition members with a nanovirus that turned them into ‘Cyberslaves’ ("Blood of the Cybermen"). Although The Doctor managed to devise a cure for the virus after examining one of the Cybermats, Amy was captured by the Cyberleader, forcing The Doctor to begin the Cybermen revival process or allow Amy to be converted into a Cyberman herself. Fortunately, The Doctor managed to escape the Cyberleader and rescue Amy before reversing the revival process, although he, Amy, and Chisholm - the last surviving member of the expedition - then had to escape the base before the Cybership self-destructed.

The Eleventh Doctor faced the Cybermen again when they joined forces with his other enemies in a vast Alliance to trap him in the Pandorica - a legendary prison that had been spoken of in myth, created specifically to hold The Doctor - after they became convinced that he would be responsible for a temporal explosion that triggered the creation of cracks in the universe after the TARDIS exploded, unaware that the explosion had already taken place when his future companion River Song was piloting the ship. With the collapse of history, the various races in the Alliance were all erased from existence, leaving only statues of themselves gathered around the Pandorica as ‘after-images’, Earth the last fragment of time left in the universe thanks to the exploding TARDIS putting itself in a time loop at the moment of its destruction to act as a substitute sun for Earth. With The Doctor having taken the Pandorica into the TARDIS explosion, using the TARDIS itself as a power source to transmit the remaining atoms of the true universe stored within the Pandorica across all of time and space in a second explosion that restored the history of the universe, the Alliance was erased and history restored.

Although they were not involved in the central attack, when the Eleventh Doctor and Rory were tracking the kidnapped Amy Pond ("A Good Man Goes to War"), The Doctor and Rory confronted the Twelfth Cyber-Legion for information about Amy’s captors after determining that she was in a location that was regularly monitored by the Cyber-Legion, Rory donning his Auton counterpart’s Roman costume to ask the Cyber-Leader for the information they sought while The Doctor destroyed some of their ships to prove how serious he was.

Assimilation2 - Issue 5
Assimilation2
Issue 3
Following a brief visit to Ancient Egypt to capture an alien prisoner who had escaped from a multi-dimensional cell ("Star Trek: The Next Generation/Doctor Who: Assimilation2"), The Doctor, Amy and Rory found themselves in another universe - the world of Star Trek, to be exact -, arriving on the starship USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-D) in time to discover that the Cybermen had arrived en masse in this universe, and had allied with another cybernetic race known as the Borg, both sides sharing a similar goal of conquest while converting other races into their own kind (Although the Borg possessed a collective consciousness and were driven to expand in the pursuit of their goal of perfection where the Cybermen retained individual minds programmed towards conquest and conversion). Suddenly recalling his fourth incarnation’s brief encounter with the Cybermen and Kirk’s Enterprise, The Doctor realised that the Cybermen had changed history to enter this universe and ally with the Borg, history changing in both worlds so that The Doctor now recalled visits to this reality that hadn’t happened before (A shift in recollection shared by Guinan, the mysterious long-lived bartender of the Enterprise who had previously shown an awareness of when history was changed, who noted that she remembered meeting The Doctor while also acknowledging that they shouldn’t remember each other). Having convinced Captain Jean-Luc Picard to assist the Borg against the Cybermen, The Doctor learned that the two races had already recognised that each side would attempt to be dominant in the alliance, with his arrival tipping the scales and prompting the Cybermen to accelerate their plans to prevent him from interfering, overriding the Borg Executive Library program and eliminating most of the Collective’s higher decision-making ability. With the Collective mostly inert, the Cyberfleet set course for the Borg homeworld to completely overwhelm the Collective and bring the full resources of the Borg under the control of the Cybermen, a small group of Borg only just managing to escape by diverting spare processing power from various subroutines of the Collective so as to operate without the awareness of the Cybermen for a short time. While the Enterprise crew worked with the Borg Conduit - the ‘speaker’ of the remaining free Borg - to prepare to battle the Cybermen, The Doctor took the TARDIS back in time to acquire a working copy of the Borg Executive Library from a Borg ship in the past, subsequently taking a strike team of the TARDIS crew, Picard, Data, Worf, the Conduit, and various security officers to the Cyber-Fleet in the TARDIS to disable the flagship’s engines and give the Enterprise time to catch up. With the strike team having disabled the ship’s engines, the Enterprise attacked the flagship with a gold-infused particle beam, disabling most of the Cybermen on board and allowing The Doctor to transmit the Borg Executive Library back into the Collective by linking the Conduit to the Cyber-Controller. The Conduit then set the Cyberfleet to self-destruct by hacking into the Cyber-Web that linked them together, the TARDIS crew and their allies retreating back to the TARDIS before the ships exploded, the destruction of the fleet erasing the Cybermen from the other universe, although the two crews retained their own memories of their time together.

Closing Time
Closing Time (2011)
During a return visit to his old friend and 'landlord' Craig Owens ("The Lodger") while travelling alone in preparation for his ‘imminent’ death, The Doctor discovered a dormant Cyber-ship that had crashed underneath London several years ago, the ship having only recently been reactivated when a shop was built over it that allowed them to draw on the power of the electrical cables to repair their own systems. Establishing a makeshift teleporter in a lift, the remaining Cybermen were able to teleport down a few subjects for conversion, but the resulting power drain attracted The Doctor and Craig's attention, The Doctor discovering a passage down to the Cyber-ship that he could use to confront them directly. Although the Cybermen attempted to convert Craig into their new Cyber-Controller - The Doctor's Time Lord biology being apparently incompatible, most likely due to him possessing organic versions of some of the components that would be added -, Craig's love for his son Alfie allowed him to throw off the conversion process, The Doctor using the distraction to trigger a feedback that caused the remaining Cybermen, consisting only of spare parts and basic components, to self-destruct ("Closing Time").

The Doctor faced the Cybermen again when he found himself in Klimtenburg, a nineteenth-century village stricken by a mysterious plague ("Plague of the Cybermen"). Although The Doctor attributed the plague to the villagers’ exposure to fragments from a Hapthoid reactor unit that had been destroyed in the area at some point in the recent past - most likely in the same accident that destroyed the local church -, a visit to a nearby castle and the local Lord and Lady Ernhardt confirmed that there was more going on when he learned that the local watchmaker - known only as the ‘Watchman’ - was making artificial limbs using Cybermen parts with clockwork interiors, the few active Cybermen using bodyparts stolen from local corpses to replace their own damaged limbs. Determining that the Cyber-ship had crashed during the ‘storm’ that destroyed the church, The Doctor and local teacher Olga were able to find the buried Cyber-ship, where they learned that it was recharging its power using lightning generated by the storms the ship was creating through atmospheric manipulation, having influenced the Watchman’s work through a Cyberman head he had recovered, the head giving him instructions for future projects; he had even rebuilt Lady Ernhardt into an android form when she was left very weak after giving birth to her son Victor, as well as converting Victor into a primarily cybernetic form. Although the Cybermen awoke when The Doctor and Olga found their ship, with Lady Ernhardt defending them, The Doctor was able to use Victor and the Oracle as conduits to channel a new surge of power into the Cyber-ship, overloading the cryogenic system and destroying all the active Cybermen. Although Victor was lost as well, Lord and Lady Ernhardt - who survived the damage she sustained in the fight - decided to remember their son for the time they had been able to spend with him, accepting The Doctor’s assurances that he had saved them all with his sacrifice.

Nightmare in Silver
Nightmare in Silver (2013)
The Eleventh Doctor’s next encounter with the Cybermen ("Nightmare in Silver") began when he took his companion Clara - along with Angie and Artie, children that Clara looked after as a nanny - to Hedgewick’s World, the greatest amusement park in all of history created after the world was decimated by the Cyber-Wars - a massive war against rapidly-adapting Cybermen that apparently ended with their extinction after the Tiberian Galaxy was destroyed with them in it -, only to arrive after it had closed and was under military authority. When the park’s owner revealed that his exhibits included some damaged Cybermen, The Doctor was naturally concerned, being proven right when the Cybermen produced miniature Cybermats the size of insects (Referred to by The Doctor as Cybermites) to attack, taking control of Angie and Artie before an army of sleeker, deadlier Cybermen attacked, able to move at accelerated speeds, take themselves apart to take their opponents by surprise, and rapidly convert their victims. Tracking a Cybermite, The Doctor activated a portable transmat which took him to the Cyber-ship, revealing that the Cybermen had been stationed on Hedgewick’s World, abducting visitors for spare parts, to wait for children to create a new Cyber-Planner (Much like how the Daleks had used a child to coordinate the battle for the Hand of Omega ("Remembrance of the Daleks")), although they now intended to use The Doctor’s brain instead, Cyber-technology having developed to a point where they could convert The Doctor. Although infected with a cyber-implant, The Doctor was able to resist their attempt to take control of him, confronting the Cyber-Planner that sought to use his brain in a game of chess for control of his mind by threatening to regenerate if the Cyber-planner continued trying to take him over (The Doctor knowing that regeneration would burn out the Cyber-components but not wanting to risk it in the middle of a crisis), managing to buy further time by using a golden ticket to Hedgewick’s World to disrupt the older components of the Cyber-code. While Clara attempted to maintain control of the platoon to prevent them activating a planet-destroying bomb, this option was apparently taken off the table when the platoon’s captain was killed and the Cyber-Planner destroyed the detonator, leaving the platoon facing an army of Cybermen with limited weapons. Continuing his game with the Cyber-Planner, The Doctor rescued the children by making an emotional move to sacrifice his queen as part of a deal, the Cyber-Planner dismissing that move as pointless as the Cybermen continued to advance, only for The Doctor to inform the Cyber-Planner that he would achieve mate in three moves. As the Cyber-Planner shut down the other Cybermen to acquire the processing power necessary to calculate The Doctor’s future moves, The Doctor used an upgraded pulse weapon - a hand-held weapon that shorted out the Cybermens’ operating systems when used on them at close range - to disable the Cyber-Planner components on his body, purging the Cyber-Planner’s influence from him. With the children restored and the surviving soldiers in the room with them, Angie revealed that the dwarf, ‘Porridge’, that had been working with the platoon, was actually the emperor, giving him the authority to activate the bomb and transmat the crew - as well as the TARDIS - to safety on the Imperial Flagship as the planet was destroyed, ending the threat of the Cybermen.

The Time of The Doctor
The Time of The Doctor (2013)

When tracking a mysterious signal being broadcast across the universe, The Doctor initially tracked it using a Cyberman head he acquired in a market, the head’s organic components all decayed away from old age ("The Time of The Doctor"). When he exiled himself to the planet Trenzalore to protect the last of the cracks in the universe ("The Eleventh Hour") created by the TARDIS exploding ("The Pandorica Opens/The Big Bang") after learning that the crack was the source of the signal, which originated from the Time Lords calling forhelp from outside the universe, The Doctor’s only long-term companion was this head, which he nicknamed ‘Handles’. Handles eventually ‘died’ after three centuries, but The Doctor witnessed other Cybermen during his time on Trenzalore; one notable assault occurred when the Cybermen attempted to bypass the anti-technology barrier around Trenzalore by sending down a Cyberman made of wood armed with a flamethrower, but The Doctor was able to trick it into turning its own flamethrower on itself.

Dark Water/Death in Heaven
Dark Water/Death in Heaven (2014)

Some time after the Siege of Trenzalore had ended with The Doctor acquiring a new set of regenerations, the Twelfth Doctor found himself facing a new army of Cybermen that had been assembled with the aid of a new incarnation of The Master (This Master being a woman who called herself 'Missy' as a shortened form of 'Mistress' due to the obvious impracticality of her old name). Using an area referred to as the Nethersphere, a Matrix data slice taken from Gallifrey and concealed in London, the Cybermen abducted people from the moment of their deaths, presenting the Nethersphere as the afterlife where their 'souls' remained connected to their original bodies - prompting them to erase their own emotions to escape the fear and pain of feeling their bodies rot or be cremated - when in reality the victims' minds were downloaded into the Netherspehre and their bodies converted into Cybermen as The Master prepared their technology so that they could convert the dead as well as the living ("Dark Water/Death in Heaven"). Travelling to the Nethersphere while trying to find Danny Pink - Clara's boyfriend, who had recently died in a car accident - The Doctor and Clara discovered a room filled with tanks of an unidentified liquid and skeletons, the liquid being revealed to be a substance known as 'dark water' which saw through non-organic tissue. Although The Doctor expressed disbelief at the story behind the Nethersphere's origins, he failed to realise the truth before the Cybermen were activated as the dark water was drained from their tanks, followed by The Master revealing her true identity. Although The Doctor tried to coordinate UNIT's defence of Earth, The Master revealed that her true goal was to give The Doctor control of the resulting army, forcing him into the impossible position of accepting control of an army that could re-shape history or doing nothing and allowing Earth to be conquered. Although Danny was converted into a Cyberman, forcing The Doctor to deactivate his emotional inhibitor so that he could learn The Master's full plan, Danny's love for Clara proved powerful enough to override The Master's control, allowing him to take control of the army and use them to destroy the cloud of the dispersed Cybermen. The converted Brigadier was also in the area, but he only remained long enough to save his daughter Kate and eliminate The Master before destroying himself. (Although The Master was later revealed to have escaped ("The Magician's Apprentice/The Witch's Familiar").

While the scale of The Master's plan was exceptional, The Doctor's next encounter with the Cybermen was the most devastating confrontation with them he had ever faced, particularly since it only occurred because of his own mistake. After the Twelfth Doctor banished Rassilon from Gallifrey after discovering his lost planet ("Heaven Sent/Hell Bent"), Rassilon discovered the last of the Cybermen at the end of the universe, seeing in them the perfect means to expand Time Lord authority and achieve his revenge against The Doctor. With Rassilon's knowledge allowing them to convert a sizeable portion of Gallifrey, the Cybermen then used Time Lord resources to mount a massive attack on various eras in history, using such new weapons as a complex cybernetic networked mind or nanites that would automatically convert the infected into Cybermen. As The Doctor's past incarnations faced various Cyber-threats across history, the Twelfth Doctor learned what had happened and confronted Rassilon directly, learning that Rassilon intended to use the regenerative energy of the Time Lords he had captured to 'regenerate' the dying universe in his image. Although Rassilon believed that he was in control, The Doctor soon realised that the Cybermen intended to subvert the process and use Rassilon's equipment for themselves, using Rassilon's knowledge simply to disrupt his past selves' efforts to oppose them, such as disrupting the Ninth Doctor's TARDIS's connection to the Eye of Harmony before he could use it to destroy Earth or shutting down the Cyber-converted Silurians as the Eleventh Doctor tried to upload himself to the network to restore their emotions. Despite this, The Doctor and Rassilon were able to defeat the Cybermen when Rassilon tricked them into thinking that his mind had broken under the strain so that they would link The Doctor to act as the network's power source, allowing the two Time Lords to use their combined mental powers and the regenerative energy available to them to literally regenerate the universe, undoing the events of the Cybermens' attack so that only The Doctor (and possibly Rassilon) would remember what had happened.

World Enough and Time/The Doctor Falls
World Enough and Time/The Doctor Falls (2017)

When The Doctor next confronted the Cybermen, this encounter became particularly personal for several reasons, as not only was he dealing with the early Mondasian Cybermen, but as part of his current effort to help Missy reform, he was allowing her to ‘take point’ in dealing with this crisis, accompanied by The Doctor's current companions Bill Potts and Nardole, while he observed in the TARDIS ("World Enough and Time/The Doctor Falls"). Although they found a suitable crisis in the form of a ship trapped in a black hole and experiencing time dilation so that time passed at a faster rate on the lower levels than the upper, matters were immediately complicated when Bill was abducted by something from the rear of the ship after another member of the crew had destroyed her heart to try and stop her being detected by something that was hunting humans. The mysterious physician ‘Razor’ replaced her heart with a cybernetic implant, revealing that the lower levels of the ship had become a vast industrialised city that was killing the local population due to the failing life support systems. Time dilation meant that it took ten years for The Doctor, Missy and Nardole to work out what was going on and follow Bill, shocked to learn when they reached the lower levels that Bill had been converted into a Cyberman by Razor, who was none other than The Master, Missy’s immediate predecessor (The Master referred to this as the ‘genesis of the Cybermen’, but The Doctor simply noted that Cybermen would happen everywhere there was people, regarding them as an inevitable development in the form of parallel evolution across the universe, suggesting that there were multiple possible origins for the Cybermen rather than every version depicted originating from Mondas directly). As the converted Cybermen began to ascend through the colony ship, The Doctor, Nardole, and the two Masters fled to an upper level where the colonists were still human, accompanied by Bill as she had managed to hold onto her humanity despite the conversion. Although horrified at what she had become, to the extent that she told The Doctor she didn’t want to live in such a state, Bill helped The Doctor, Nardole and The Masters prepare defences for the colonists, even as the time dilation effect allowed the Cybermen in the lower levels to reach the level of development shown in the Dalek/Cyberman war ("Army of Ghosts/Doomsday") after only a few days, the Time Lords forced to remain on this level as they couldn’t go higher without the time dilation giving the Cybermen a chance to evolve further. Armed with advanced weapons and The Doctor’s own knowledge of the Cybermens’ predictability, the colonists were able to hold the Cybermen back long enough to give the colonists a chance to escape to an upper level with Nardole. Although The Masters literally stabbed each other in the back, The Doctor was able to destroy the Cybermen by triggering the fuel and power lines in the floor to explode and destroy the entire Cyber-army, Bill taking him back to the TARDIS so that he could regenerate later ("The Doctors") before she was transferred to a new level of existence as a result of her past contact with the Pilot, an entity that had absorbed the consciousness of her potential love interest Heather and formed a link with Bill while attempting to do the same to her.



THEIR TELEVISION APPEARANCES

Story Doctor Writer Originally Transmitted Episodes BBC Archive Status Released on Video/Audio Average Ratings (Millions)
The Tenth Planet 1st Kit Pedler & Gerry Davies 8th - 29th October 1966 4 Only episodes 1 - 3 held. Clips of episode 4 are also held
Video
VHS
6.8
The Moonbase 2nd Kit Pedler 11th February - 4th March 1967 4 Only episodes 2 & 4 held
Audio
CD
8.3
The Tomb of the Cybermen 2nd Kit Pedler & Gerry Davies 2nd - 23rd September 1967 4 All held
Video
VHS & DVD
6.8
The Wheel in Space 2nd David Whitaker (from a story by Kit Pedler) 27th April - 1st June 1968 6 Only episodes 3 & 6 held
Audio
CD
7.3
The Invasion 2nd Derrick Sherwin (from a story by Kit Pedler) 2nd November - 21st December 1968 8 Only episodes 2, 3, 5, 6, 7 & 8 held
Video
VHS & DVD
6.9
Revenge of the Cybermen 4th Gerry Davies 19th April - 10th May 1975 4 All held
Video
VHS & DVD
9.0
Earthshock 5th Eric Sayward 8th - 16th March 1982 4 All held
Video
VHS & DVD
9.3
The Five Doctors 1st, 2nd, 3rd & 5th Terrance Dicks 25th November 1983 1 All held
Video
VHS & DVD
7.7
Attack of the Cybermen 6th Paula Moore 5th - 12th January 1985 2 All held
Video
VHS & DVD
8.1
Silver Nemesis 7th Kevin Clarke 23rd November - 7th December 1988 3 All held
Video
VHS & DVD
5.5
Rise of the Cybermen/The Age of Steel 10th Tom MacRae 13th - 20th May 2006 2 All held
Video
DVD
8.4
Army of Ghosts/Doomsday 10th Russell T Davies 1st - 8th July 2006 2 All held
Video
DVD
8.2
The Next Doctor 10th Russell T Davies 25th December 2008 1 All held
Video
DVD
13.1
The Pandorica Opens/The Big Bang 11th Steven Moffat 19th - 26th June 2010 2 All held
Video
DVD
7.2
A Good Man Goes to War 11th Steven Moffat 4th June 2011 1 All held
Video
DVD
7.5
Closing Time 11th Gareth Roberts 24th September 2011 1 All held
Video
DVD
6.9
Nightmare in Silver 11th Neil Gaiman 11th May 2013 1 All held
Video
DVD
6.6
The Time of The Doctor 11th Steven Moffat 25th December 2013 1 All held
Video
DVD
11.1
Dark Water/Death in Heaven 12th Steven Moffat 1 - 8 November 2014 2 All held
Video
DVD
7.5
World Enough and Time/The Doctor Falls 12th Steven Moffat 17 June 2017 - 01 July 2017 2 All held
Video
DVD
5.2

THEIR STRENGTHS


The Invasion
The CyberGun
(The Invasion)
 Standing at about seven feet tall these giant metallic monsters are very hard to kill. Their metal limbs give them great strength, and their built-in respiratory system allows them to live in the vacuum of space. They are immune to extremes of cold and heat and are immensely intelligent and resourceful. Their large silver bodies became practically indestructible. Even in "The Invasion", it was as much as the UNIT soldiers could do to destroy a Cyberman using such weapons as grenades and bazookas. Their ruthless drive was unimpeded by any consideration other than basic logic. There was no room for pity or any mercy.

 There are a few similarities between the Cybermen and the Daleks. They both could be classed as mutants. The Daleks though it is due to their long war with the Thals whereas the Cybermen it is self-inflicted. Both races are just as desperate to survive and are greedy for power. The Cybermen are devoid of all emotions whereas the Daleks, in their goal to be all-powerful, do not care how much suffering they cause. Neither have any pity or feelings for the human race. But here all similarities end. The Cybermen are the ultimate of medical science gone mad. Whereas the Daleks were designed to play on the fear of the inhuman and alien horror, the Cybermen play on the greater fear of becoming inhuman and losing everything that humans value in life. Another important difference between the Daleks and the Cybermen is that, whereas the former are, to quote one description, 'bubbling lumps of hate', the latter are completely without emotion and are driven by pure logic.

  Where the Daleks remained mostly the same until the Time War in terms of their armaments, the Cybermen continued to upgrade, early versions being vulnerable to radiation and certain chemicals while later versions were more vulnerable to gold, the most ‘evolved’ Cybermen witnessed capable of greater speed and possessing heavier armour that could rapidly adapt to attacks used against them. During an alliance with the Borg (Of the Star Trek universe) the Cybermen had the advantage when the two sides betrayed each other because of their greater ambition and understanding of revenge, being driven more by anger than the Borg who relied on assimilation to understand the threats they faced.


THEIR WEAKNESSES


Attacking From the Sewars (The Invasion)
Attacking From the Sewars
(The Invasion)
 The Cybermen's main impediment was one that only flesh and blood creatures would have recognised: they have no heart, no emotions and no feelings. All feelings were eliminated from their lives when metal and plastic replaced the last piece of flesh. They achieved their immortality at a terrible price. They became dehumanised monsters. And, like human monsters down through the ages of Earth they became aware of the lack of love and feeling in their lives and substituted another goal - power!

 It was soon realised by those who confronted the Cybermen that they were extremely difficult to destroy. The Cybermen do have certain weaknesses though and these include solvents, strong gravitational fields, high radiation (Apparently mainly found in the more basic, more organic Cybermen), low temperatures (Although these Cybermen were designed to be cryogenically frozen, which contributed to this weakness; they are otherwise comfortable operating in such cold conditions as the vacuum of space), laser beams, sustained large weapon fire and strong emotions. Their major weakness though is gold which is fatal to them. Despite these weaknesses they are still not easy to defeat especially when they are fought in great numbers. Even with the use of grenades and other heavy gunfire UNIT found that these tools only delayed the Cybermen's attack. With the gained knowledge that gold is fatal to them it was revealed in the 1989 story "Battlefield" that gold tipped bullets was now a standard issue for UNIT soldiers. It should be noted, however, that earlier versions of the Cybermen (As seen in 'Iceberg' and 'Spare Parts') lack this weakness; presumably this weakness was caused by some enhancements made to the Cybermen in other regards.

During their return in the latest series, The Doctor was able to discover the code for the emotional inhibitor - the chip implanted in all Cybermen that prevents them from feeling any emotion. With this code, The Doctor was able to shut down the emotional inhibitors, driving the Cybermen insane as they realised what they had become, and allowing The Doctor and his companions to escape the Cyber-conversion factory. During their subsequent invasion of our Earth, The Doctor's allies from that Earth had developed a weapon that apparently shut down the emotional inhibitor; at the very least, it duplicated the original effects of shutting the emotional inhibitor down, so it seems likely that this was how the weapon worked. The most evolved Cybermen seen were able to rapidly adapt to most weapons used against them; they were still vulnerable to certain weapons specifically designed to stop Cybermen, but most of these weapons relied on their enemies getting up close to the Cybermen or possessed a relatively limited charge, making them relatively risky to use.


THEIR WEAPONS

Cybermat (Revenge of the Cybermen)
Cybermat
(Revenge of the Cybermen)
 They have a number of specially developed Cyberweapons including the Cybermats. These small, mechanical, rodent-like devices were first seen used by the recovered Cybermen on the planet Telos in an attempt to destroy the human archaeologists responsible for their revival. They were used to great effect by the Cybermen as they could move around virtually unnoticed and they had the ability to home in on brain waves. However, the Second Doctor soon found a way of jamming the signals that controlled them. Their second appearance was in the story "The Wheel in Space" where the Cybermen again used the Cybermats to attack the humans, this time utilising them to destroy a Space Station's supply of Bernalium, thus leaving the station defenceless.

 The final appearance of the Cybermats was in the Cybermen's failed attempt to destroy the planet Voga where they were used to inject and spread a deadly virus amongst the crewmembers of another space station. Like the Cybermen they are susceptible to gold dust. Modern Cybermats have been shown possessing a strange, circular mouth with organic-looking teeth - it is unclear if this served a particular purpose beyond looking disturbing - ("Closing Time"), and Cybermats of the future had become so efficient that they were virtually insect-like in appearance, referred to by The Doctor as ‘Cyber-Mites’ ("Nightmare in Silver").

CyberAndroids
CyberAndroids
(Earthshock)
 The Cybermen usually divide into platoons led by a CyberLeader and are motivated by the CyberContoller on Telos. There have also been a number of drones and CyberAndriods. These deadly black androids were seen in the 1982 Fifth Doctor story "Earthshock". They were used by the Cybermen to guard a bomb, hidden in some caves, that had been intended to destroy the Earth. Certain Cybermen have also relied on Cyber-Planners when masterminding particularly significant operations, such as the mission on Hedgewick’s World. In close-quarter combat, Cybermen rely on their raw strength while using hand-held weapons for long-range fighting, with the Cybermen of Cybus Industries possessing arm-mounted weapons that could release powerful energy blasts, although these weapons were not powerful enough to damage Dalek shields.

 During "The Next Doctor", the Cybermen, while trapped in 1851, oversaw the construction of a machine called “The Cyber-King”, essentially a massive robotic Cyberman several stories in height, capable of functioning as a mobile Cyber-conversion facility while also possessing significant firepower, despite the relatively primitive technology available to the Cybermen when they were building it.


THE CRYONS

The Cryons
The Cryons
(Attack of the Cybermen)
 The Cybermen have no respect for other life forms and the species that has suffered the most is the Cryons. Being the original inhabitants of the planet Telos the ice-dependent Cryons were quickly subjugated by invading Cybermen who, after leaving their original planet of Mondas, needed a new home upon which they could build massive refrigeration plants to act as their hibernation tombs. Telos offered everything they needed, with its natural ice caverns and sub-zero temperatures.

 The Cryons sought the destruction of the Cybermen using mercenary Gustave Lytton. Unfortunately he was caught by the Cybermen and underwent transformation surgery. However, a captive Cryon, used The Doctor's thermal lance to detonate a supply of highly volatile mining explosive. The resultant explosion destroyed the Cybermen's control centre and, presumably the dormant Cybermen in the tombs. The Cryons revenge was satisfied.

THE STATISTICS

 The Cybermen have appeared in a total of 12 stories plus cameo appearances in a further 6: "The War Games", "The Mind of Evil", "Carnival of Monsters", "Logopolis", "Mawdryn Undead" and “Dalek”. In just two years they had appeared five times. The Daleks during the hiatus in the early Sixties only appeared once a year. The Cybermen appeared in a total of four stories with the Second Doctor and helped Doctor Who evolve away from the historical stories and more towards the futuristic and monster orientated stories thus making the Second Doctor's era being described as the "Monster Seasons".


THE WRITTEN AND AUDIO CHRONICLES

As well as the Target novels of the television stories they have also appeared in a number of book and audio adventures:

THEIR BOOK APPEARANCES


Format Title Released Writer Remarks
Book
Novel
Genesis of the Cybermen
1988
David Banks Part of David Bank's book "Cybermen"
Book
Script
The Tomb of the Cybermen
August 1989
John McElroy Titan Script Book
Book
Novel
Iceberg
September1993
David Banks Virgin's The New Adventures
Book
Novel
Killing Ground
June 1996
Steve Lyons Virgin's The Missing Adventures
Book
Novel
Illegal Alien
October 1997
Mike Tucker and Robert Perry BBC's The Past Doctors Stories
Book
Novel
Loving the Alien
May 2003
Mike Tucker and Robert Perry BBC's The Past Doctors Stories
Book
Novel
Made of Steel
(Quick Read Series)
March 2007
Terrance Dicks BBC's The Tenth Doctors Stories

THEIR AUDIO APPEARANCES

Format Title Released Writer Remarks
Audio
Audio
Real Time
September 2000
Gary Russell BBCi Broadcast. Released on CD by Big Finish Productions in 2002
Audio
Audio
Sword of Orion
January 2001
Nicholas Briggs The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
Spare Parts
August 2002
Marc Platt The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
The Harvest
June 2004
Dan Abnett The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
Cyberman Part 1: Scorpius
September 2005
Nicholas Briggs The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
Cyberman Part 2: Fear
October 2005
Nicholas Briggs The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
Cyberman Part 3: Conversion
December 2005
Nicholas Briggs The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
Cyberman Part 4: Telos
February 2006
Nicholas Briggs The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
The Reaping
September 2006
Joseph Lidster The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
The Gathering
September 2006
Joseph Lidster The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
Human Resources - Part 1
July 2007
Eddie Robson The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
Human Resources - Part 2
August 2007
Eddie Robson The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
The Girl Who Never Was
December 2007
Alan Barnes The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
Kingdom of Silver
September 2008
James Swallow The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
Cyberman 2
December 2009
James Swallow The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
Legend of the Cybermen
June 2010
Mike Maddox The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
The Silver Turk
October 2011
Marc Platt The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio
Audio
Last of the Cybermen
May 2015
Alan Barnes The Big Finish Audio Stories

 There have also been numerous comic strips in both TV Comic (1967 - 1969) and in The Doctor Who Weekly/Monthly/Magazine. They even started off a short run of comic strips, with the 10-part story "Dreadnought", in the Radio Times in June - August 1996.

Book - Cybermen
Cybermen
(David Banks)
 Their origins and history was put under the microscope in David Bank's excellent book titled "Cybermen" in 1988. This book was also released on audio in four episodes under the title "The ArcHive Tapes". The Cybermen were also in the 1989 stage play "The Ultimate Adventure" which stared Jon Pertwee and then Colin Baker. David Banks, who played the part of the CyberLeader in the television stories during the 1980’s, returned to play his famous role. The BBC, in 1992, also released the VHS video "Cybermen - The Early Years". This documentary, introduced by Colin Baker, contains archive footage and four complete episodes from two missing stories - "The Moonbase" (episodes 2 & 4) and "The Wheel in Space" (episodes 3 & 6).

 Of course despite the many attempts by The Doctor the Cybermen have not been completely defeated and this is proved by the Cybermen's debut proper in the audio world with the release, in February 2001, of Big Finish Productions' Doctor Who audio story "Sword of Orion" and in August 2002's "Spare Parts" where their origins were revealed. Many other audio adventures have followed including a 4 part series of their own entitled "Cyberman". They have also returned to the BBC in the on-line 'broadcast' "Real Time", also in August 2002 in BBCi.

 The sheer physical presence of the Cybermen was a major reason for their great popularity - they were, quite simply, terrifying! I am sure this will not to be the last we see or hear of them.
More >>>> 

Return to the top of this page

 
Parts of this article were compiled with the assistance of David Spence who can be contacted by e-mail at djfs@blueyonder.co.uk
 
Who's Who Who Episodes
Who's Who
KJ Software
Who Episodes


Press to go back to the previous visited page Who Me References
 
 
Doctor Who is the copyright of the British Broadcasting Corporation. No infringements intended. This site is not endorsed by the BBC or any representatives thereof.