The Doctor's Companions

Liz Shaw Jo Grant Captain Mike Yates
Terror of the Autons - The Green Death
Jo Grant
Jo Grant
(1971 - 1973)
Katy Manning
 Katy Manning was born in 1946 and is the daughter of the late sports columnist J. L. Manning. During a time in America she was offered a 5 year contract with MGM. However, she was persuaded to return to England to study acting at the Webber Douglas drama school. Then a year later she joined a Wolverhampton repertory company. Her first job was in Man at the Top at 1970. However, being only five feet tall she found her height a disadvantage in theatre so she moved to television. After a couple of commercials she appeared in an episode of Softly, Softly: Task Force before auditioning for Doctor Who. She was very fortunate to get the part of Jo Grant as she got lost on the way to the audition and was very late. Luckily she impressed the present producer, Barry Letts, who, along with script editor Terrance Dicks, found the bubbly, scatter-brained, short-sighted Katy Manning more endearing than the more straightforward alternatives. The part of Jo Grant was hers. After leaving Doctor Who she presented, in 1973, the BBC crafts programme Serindipity. She also appeared in the 1973 film Don't Just Lie There, Say Something and she also returned to theatre including Odd Man In with Lionel Blair and Colin Baker. Since 1982 she has been living and working in Australia. She recently returned to the UK to co-star in the 1998 Reeltime Pictures Production video Doctor Who's Lust in Space and to publicise her video Where on Earth is Katy Manning. Katy Manning has also appeared nude with just a Dalek to spare her blushes.

 Jo Grant was a petite, scatty brained blonde with a love for mini-skirts who had a knack of blundering into trouble. Her uncle was a leading Civil Servant who managed to use his influence to get her a job at UNIT as she had set her heart on being a secret agent and had studied cryptology, safe-breaking and explosives. She also claimed to have taken an 'A' Level in general science (Although she was later forced into admitting 'I didn't say I passed'). The Brigadier though is not sure what to do about this new recruit to UNIT and so decided to palm her off on to The Doctor.

Terror of the Autons
Terror of the Autons
 The Doctor was at first very sceptical about Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart's ability to choose another assistant for him after Liz Shaw had left, despite The Brigadier commenting that Liz Shaw had gone on record to say that all The Doctor needed in an assistant was someone to pass him test tubes and praise his intellect, tasks that The Brigadier felt the young Miss Grant was well-suited for. The Brigadier eventually becomes tired of The Doctor's arguments and so forces The Doctor to pass on the bad news himself to Jo. However, The Brigadier knows that The Doctor will be unable to tell her the truth instead The Doctor tells her 'Thank you Jo. I can see that you will be a great help to me' ("Terror of the Autons").

 She was determined, clumsy and very accident prone and her knack of rushing into things before thinking nearly always resulted in her finding herself in grave danger or hindering those around her, especially The Doctor, was immediately apparent. Her first meeting with The Doctor was in his lab and resulted in the ruining of one of his experiments when she covered it in foam from a fire extinguisher when she thought it was on fire and in danger of injuring The Doctor. She also nearly blew The Doctor up in the very same episode when, due to her fierce independence, she gets caught by The Master, who then hypnotises her to deliver a bomb to UNIT so that he can kill The Doctor ("Terror of the Autons").

 At first Jo had a rather stormy relationship with The Doctor. However, this soon mellowed when The Doctor came to accept her eager-to-please manner. With her perky cheerfulness she soon became very much part of the UNIT team and was very devoted to The Doctor. Despite initially being more of a hindrance then a help to The Doctor her confidence and bravery grew over the time while she was in The Doctor's company and working for The Brigadier and UNIT. This is well demonstrated by the number of times that she ended up coming to The Doctor's rescue and she was even willing to sacrifice herself to save The Doctor in the story "The Dæmons", the sheer illogical of such an action caused the Daemon Azal to essentially self-destruct due to his inability to comprehend Jo’s sacrifice. She also demonstrated such diverse skills as riding a motorbike, using karate, picking locks, abseiling, and even piloting a helicopter, although The Doctor still took the lead when the two of them were working together.

 She did feel on a number of occasions hard done by when she wanted to follow The Doctor and be in the thick of the action. On these occasions she would seek out either Captain Mike Yates or Sergeant Benton for a shoulder to cry on even though she knew that they would always advise her to follow The Brigadier's orders. During a brief reunion between The Doctor and her ‘predecessor’ Liz Shaw ("The Wages of Sin"), Jo and Liz had particular difficulty getting along due to their differing opinions of Rasputin, with Liz initially regarding Rasputin as the monster history would portray him as while Jo - after meeting with Rasputin himself - quickly recognised that it was only Rasputin’s enemies who had written him as such. Despite this disagreement, the two eventually became friends, working together to track down the stolen TARDIS and escape being framed for Rasputin’s murder, although both regretted that they were unable to save him from his destined fate.

The Dæmons
The Dæmons
 Regardless of the occasional personal conflict, Jo instantly liked her posting to UNIT and especially being able to work for The Doctor. She soon came to terms with the fact The Doctor was not only an alien but he was willing to share his experiences with her, showing a great deal of appreciation and wonder when she first travelled to another planet in the TARDIS after overcoming her initial shock at the discovery (Although her lack of preparation should be taken into account when considering the fear she initially displayed at what had happened to her) ("Colony in Space"). This meant that her initial fears quickly gave way to natural curiosity and she was able to accept and even take advantage of the new and alien surroundings she found herself taken to, to the point where she sometimes proved more adaptable than The Doctor himself, enjoying the dress she was given to wear during their trip to Atlantis ("The Time Monster") and being more accepting - albeit still reluctant - than The Doctor of the need to cut their hair during a trip to the planet Caresh, where the native’s hair never grew longer than a few millimetres ("The Suns of Caresh").

 Jo was feisty and brave but was also not too proud to scream if scared. She was very resourceful and was never too afraid to have a go, once managing to rally The Doctor into action to try and save the planet Caresh from an approaching neutron star even when The Doctor believed that he had missed his chance to do so, Jo’s words inspiring The Doctor to come up with another solution ("The Suns of Caresh"). As she adapted to working for The Doctor and his travelling she quickly lost her insecurity. In fact during her final encounter with The Master she informed him that she could withstand his hypnotic attacks and she was confident enough to prove it, reciting nursery rhymes as he attempted to hypnotise her to block his attempts to control her ("Frontier in Space").

 Most of her time with The Doctor was spent on Earth due to his enforced exile, with Jo not fully accepting The Doctor’s tales of his prior travels through time and space until she first entered the TARDIS and found herself unexpectedly accompanying The Doctor on a mission for the Time Lords to stop The Master acquiring control of an ancient doomsday machine ("Colony in Space"). Although she joined The Doctor in subsequent travels when the Time Lords sent him on various missions and after his exile was lifted, Jo nevertheless made it clear that she considered herself a member of UNIT first and The Doctor’s companion second, clearly seeing her trips in the TARDIS as just trips rather than the opportunity to leave Earth for a longer time. During her time in the TARDIS - both when assisting him during Time-Lord-assigned missions and after The Doctor’s ability to travel freely was restored to him -, she ended up disappointing a number of would be suitors including the King of Peladon and a Thal called Latep, recognising that her place was on Earth regardless of how fond she was of them. She also apparently had a significant impact on a native of the planet Karfel ("Timelash"), given that, even over a century after the Third Doctor’s visit, a native retained a picture of her that had been given to a relative of his during the trip in question.

 Jo and Captain Mike Yates were very good friends even though it was clear that Mike would have liked their relationship to go further; the two were once set up on a dinner date by Sergeant Benton and Corporal Bell, but the ‘date’ never happened when the two invited The Doctor along as well and he offered to take them on a couple of trips in the TARDIS instead ("Speed of Flight"). But she also ended up disappointing him as well when she finally fell in love and decided to get married to conservationist Professor Clifford Jones. She saw him as a much a younger version of The Doctor and thus she left a very sad Doctor to drive off alone in Bessie after her engagement party. It was during this parting that The Doctor showed one of his few bursts of real emotion as he realised the extent of his fondness for her now that he was losing her. The last time the audience heard from Jo, she was on an exploration trip to the Amazon with her fiancé, returning the blue crystal from Metabelis 3 that The Doctor had given to her earlier because their native guides regarded it as ‘bad magic’. Despite this, it is clear that The Doctor retained a strong affection for her; when the Fifth Doctor met The Brigadier after his retirement from UNIT in "Mawdryn Undead", Jo was one of the first people he asked about, and Peri Brown - who travelled with the Fifth Doctor and Sixth Doctor - mentioned in "Timelash" that she had seen pictures of Jo at some point during her time in the TARDIS.

The Sea Devils
The Sea Devils
Jo’s later life was eventually seen during the events of "Genocide", where it was revealed that she and Cliff, after having a son called Matthew (Although later evidence revealed that she and Cliff had seven children; presumably at the time of the divorce the other seven were either old enough to be on their own or stayed with their father), separated at some point between "The Green Death" and 1997, Jo retaining custody of Matthew while living in a two-bedroom flat in Hackney and trying to maintain two jobs, although she remained in contact with at least Benton from her old days in UNIT. Having been asked to look into the actions of UNIT Corporal Hynes by a friend of hers, Jo was sent back in time along with Hynes when she stumbled across his plan to destroy humanity by unleashing a virus in the past, having been manipulated by the horse-like Tractites as revenge for humanity’s destruction of their world in the future. Aided by the Eighth Doctor  and Samantha Jones - who had learned that history had been changed after landing on Earth in the new timeline - Jo was able to undo this timeline, Hynes being killed by a Neanderthal after his attempt to infect the man with a virus failed, and Jo subsequently destroying the Tractites with one of their own laser cannons after one of them fired at her and Sam (Although The Doctor was uncertain if Jo had simply panicked or if she had deliberately killed the Tractites in order to return home).

Death of The Doctor
Death of The Doctor
 Jo again returned to The Doctor’s life when she met with her immediate successor as The Doctor’s companion - journalist Sarah Jane Smith - in response to claims that The Doctor had died, the alien race known as The Shansheeth apparently arranging his funeral, Jo being accompanied by her grandson Santiago Jones, she and Cliff having apparently reconciled since "Genocide" (Although he was now away picketing an oil rig), commenting that her thirteenth grandchild was on the way. Although the two had never met before, Jo had apparently heard about Sarah from her other UNIT colleagues, the two exchanging tales while Santiago bonded with Sarah’s friends Clyde Langer and Rani Chandra, although she was saddened to learn that Sarah had seen The Doctor again when he had never come back for her (Why Jo appeared not to remember the events of "Genocide" is unknown, although the history-changing nature of their last encounter, coupled with the subsequent historical upheavals caused by the Time War, may have changed Jo’s history enough to erase that meeting). When the Eleventh Doctor returned to Earth - the Shansheeth having faked his death to try and gain access to the TARDIS -, Jo wondered if The Doctor thought she was stupid for leaving when she got married, and was hurt at the idea that he’d never come back to see her, but The Doctor pointed out that she’d spent so long travelling over the last few decades that he’d never been able to pinpoint her location, assuring her that he was proud of what she’d accomplished in her life. Having defeated the Shansheeth’s attempts to recreate the TARDIS key, The Doctor took Sarah, Jo and the children back to Sarah’s house, Jo grateful for the chance to see her old friend and mentor again.

 Jo, with her short skirts and many rings, was definitely a product of the culture and fashion of the early 70's. She reflected a return to the more traditional early companion and played off The Doctor in the traditional way. Jo screamed, got into trouble, and got captured, the time-honoured role of all good companions. She made an excellent foil for Jon Pertwee's strong, action-hero Doctor, and it is no wonder that she had one of the most touching departures in Doctor Who while remaining popular among fans to this day. Even when she reappeared in her sixties, she retained her usual enthusiastic approach to life, talking at length about the flowers she had brought for The Doctor’s apparent funeral and eagerly exchanging tales of her old travels with fellow companion Sarah Jane.

Memorable Moment
The Green Death
The Green Death
 During her time with The Doctor, a particularly noble moment in Jo’s history as his companion was when The Master attempted to gain control of Kronos, one of the greatest of the Chronovores (Although The Doctor learned later on that Kronos was actually a Chronovore/Eternal hybrid ("The Quantum Archangel")).

 With Jo trapped in The Master’s TARDIS and The Master having established control over Kronos using information he had learned in Atlantis, The Doctor threatened to Time Ram The Master’s TARDIS - the two TARDISes materialising in the same place at the same time, resulting in mutually assured destruction -, but when The Doctor proved reluctant to take such an action and kill Jo at the same time, Jo triggered the Time Ram herself, breaking The Master’s control over Kronos and allowing the Chronovore to save her and The Doctor ("The Time Monster").

 Another memorable moment occurred during the "The Green Death". With BOSS destroyed, the threat of the giant maggots gone and with Professor Clifford Jones having recovered, from being poisoned when saving Jo, everyone at the Nuthutch is celebrating victory. The party atmosphere increases when it is announced that Jo intends to go with the Professor on a trip up the Amazon rather than return to UNIT. And then there is the shock for Jo when Clifford Jones proposes to her which Jo immediately accepts. And so the party turns into celebrating their engagement. Everyone is happy, Jo and Clifford Jones especially so.

  But for one person this partying is a bit too much. Saddened at the loss of Jo, The Doctor still wishes her well and gives her the blue crystal as a wedding present. As a celebration party starts up, The Doctor leaves the party in full swing and drives off in Bessie, into the sunset and all alone.

Television Stories
Format Story Doctor Fellow Companions Season Episodes
Television Terror of the Autons The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier, Captain Mike Yates and Sergeant Benton Season 8 4
Television The Mind of Evil The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier, Captain Mike Yates and Sergeant Benton Season 8 6
Television The Claws of Axos The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier, Captain Mike Yates and Sergeant Benton Season 8 4
Television Colony in Space The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier Season 8 6
Television The Dæmons The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier, Captain Mike Yates and Sergeant Benton Season 8 5
Television Day of the Daleks The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier, Captain Mike Yates and Sergeant Benton Season 9 4
Television The Curse of Peladon The 3rd Doctor - Season 9 4
Television The Sea Devils The 3rd Doctor - Season 9 6
Television The Mutants The 3rd Doctor - Season 9 6
Television The Time Monster The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier, Captain Mike Yates and Sergeant Benton Season 9 6
Television The Three Doctors The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier and Sergeant Benton Season 10 4
Television Carnival of Monsters The 3rd Doctor - Season 10 4
Television Frontier in Space The 3rd Doctor - Season 10 6
Television Planet of the Daleks The 3rd Doctor - Season 10 6
Television The Green Death The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier, Captain Mike Yates and Sergeant Benton Season 10 6
Total Stories:   15 Total Episodes:   77
Other Stories
Format Story Doctor Fellow Companions Season Source
Book Deadly Reunion The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier Season 8 The Past Doctors Stories
Book UNIT Christmas Parties: Christmas Truce The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier, Captain Mike Yates and Sergeant Benton Season 8 The Big Finish Short Trips
Audio The Doll of Death The 3rd Doctor   Season 8 The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio The Mists of Time The 3rd Doctor   Season 8 The Big Finish Audio Stories
Book Envy: Angel The 3rd Doctor   Season 8 The Big Finish Short Trips
Audio Tales From the Vault The 1st Doctor, The 2nd Doctor, The 3rd Doctor and The 4th Doctor Steven Taylor, Zoe and 1st Romana Season 8 The Big Finish Audio Stories
Book Freedom The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier Season 8 Short Trips
Book The Thousand Years of Christmas The 3rd Doctor   Season 8 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book Honest Living The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier Season 9 More Short Trips
Book The Sommerton Fetch The 3rd Doctor   Season 9 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book The Face of the Enemy The 3rd Doctor Barbara Wright, Ian Chesterton, The Brigadier, Captain Mike Yates and Sergeant Benton Season 9 The Past Doctors Stories
Book Spoilsport The 3rd Doctor   Season 9 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book Rags The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier, Captain Mike Yates and Sergeant Benton Season 9 The Past Doctors Stories
Book Libra: The Switching The 3rd Doctor   Season 9 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book The Touch of the Nurazh The 3rd Doctor   Season 9 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book (12:00) Morphology The 3rd Doctor   Season 9 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book Where the Heart Is The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier and Captain Mike Yates Season 9 Decalog 2 - Lost Property
Book Jigsaw The 3rd Doctor   Season 9 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book Verdigris The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier, Captain Mike Yates and Sergeant Benton Season 9 The Past Doctors Stories
Book Deep Stretch The 3rd Doctor   Season 10 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book The Seismologist's Story The 3rd Doctor   Season 10 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book The Bad Guy The 3rd Doctor   Season 10 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book The Suns of Caresh The 3rd Doctor   Season 10 The Past Doctors Stories
Book Losing Track of Time The 3rd Doctor   Season 10 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book The Wages of Sin The 3rd Doctor Liz Shaw Season 10 The Past Doctors Stories
Book ...And Eternity in an Hour The 3rd Doctor   Season 10 Decalog 3: Consequences
Book Lost and Founded The 3rd Doctor   Season 10 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book Rock Star The 3rd Doctor   Season 10 The Big Finish Short Trips
Audio The Many Deaths of Jo Grant The 3rd Doctor   Season 10 The Big Finish Audio Stories
Book Hidden Talent
The 3rd Doctor
  Season 10 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book Come Friendly Bombs… The 3rd Doctor   Season 10 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book Catastrophea The 3rd Doctor   Season 10 The Past Doctors Stories
Book Hide and Seek The 3rd Doctor   Season 10 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book /Carpenter/Butterfly/Baronet/ The 3rd Doctor   Season 10 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book Nightdreamers The 3rd Doctor   Season 10 Miscellaneous Stories
Book Last of the Gaderene The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier, Captain Mike Yates and Sergeant Benton Season 10 The Past Doctors Stories
Book Dancing the Code The 3rd Doctor The Brigadier, Captain Mike Yates and Sergeant Benton Season 10 The Missing Adventures
Book Speed of Flight The 3rd Doctor Captain Mike Yates Season 10 The Missing Adventures
Book Categorical Imperative The 1st Doctor, The 3rd Doctor, The 4th Doctor, The 5th Doctor, The 6th Doctor, The 7th Doctor and The 8th Doctor  Susan, Sarah Jane Smith, Tegan Jovanka, Peri, Ace and Charley Pollard Season 13 The Big Finish Short Trips
Book Once Upon a Time Machine The 3rd Doctor  
-
The Big Finish Short Trips
Audio A True Gentleman The 3rd Doctor  
-
The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio Walls of Confinement The 3rd Doctor  
-
The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio The Scorchies The 3rd Doctor  
-
The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio Ghost in the Machine The 3rd Doctor  
-
The Big Finish Audio Stories
Audio The Elixir of Doom The 3rd Doctor  
-
The Big Finish Audio Stories
Book Salt of the Earth The 3rd Doctor  
-
Miscellaneous Stories
Book The Eight Doctors of Christmas
The 1st Doctor, The 2nd Doctor, The 3rd Doctor, The 4th Doctor, The 5th Doctor, The 6th Doctor, The 7th Doctor and The 8th Doctor 
Susan, Jamie, Zoe, The Brigadier, Sarah Jane Smith, Harry Sullivan, Leela, K9, Adric, Nyssa, Tegan Jovanka, Turlough, 2nd Romana, Peri, Dr Grace Holloway and Chang Lee
-
The Big Finish Short Trips
Book Blood Heat The 7th Doctor Ace, Bernice Summerfield, Liz Shaw, The Brigadier and Sergeant Benton - The New Adventures
Audio The Defectors The 7th Doctor Captain Mike Yates - The Big Finish Audio Stories
Book Genocide The 8th Doctor Samantha Jones - The Eighth Doctor Stories
Television Death of The Doctor The 11th Doctor Sarah Jane Smith, Mr Smith, Luke Smith, Clyde Langer and Rani Chandra - The Sarah Jane Adventures
Total Stories:   51
 
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Parts of this article were compiled with the assistance of David Spence who can be contacted by e-mail at djfs@blueyonder.co.uk
 
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