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Patrick Troughton
The Ice Warriors
Second Doctor Logo


Synopsis


The Doctor, Victoria and Jamie
The Doctor, Victoria and Jamie
 The TARDIS crew materialise in an England of the future, and find Earth in the grip of a new Ice Age. A team of scientists, under the guidance of Leader Clent, is managing to hold back the advance of huge glaciers - but it’s only a matter of time before the ice wins through.

 A giant humanoid creature is found embedded in the glacier and is unwittingly revived. The alien identifies itself as Varga, and he leads a group of warriors who landed from Mars centuries before. With their home planet long dead, the Ice Warriors now intend to conquer Earth.

 Clent’s dependence on logic hampers resistance to the invaders, as the all-important base computer breaks down. The renegade scientist Penley could possibly help the situation - but will his pride allow it? Ultimately, only this small band of humans, aided by The Doctor, Jamie and Victoria, can hope to stop the might of the Ice Warriors.

Source: BBC Audio


General Information

Season: Five
Production Code: OO
Story Number: 39
Episode Numbers:180 - 185
Number of Episodes: 6
Number of Incomplete/Missing Episodes:2
Percentage of Episodes Held:67%
Production Dates: September - November 1967
Broadcast Started: 11 November 1967
Broadcast Finished: 16 December 1967
Colour Status: B&W
Studio: Ealing Television Film Studios and Lime Grove (Studio D)
Location: None
Writer:Brian Hayles
Director:Derek Martinus
Producer:Innes Lloyd
Story Editor:Peter Bryant
Editor:Michael Lockey
Production Assistant:Snowy Lidiard-White
Assistant Floor Manager:Quenton Annis
Designer:Jeremy Davies
Costume Designer:Martin Baugh
Make-Up Designer:Sylvia James
Cameraman:Brian Langley
Incidental Music:Dudley Simpson
Special Sounds (SFX Editor):Brian Hodgson
Studio Sounds:Bryan Forgham
Lighting:Sam Neeter
Visual Effects:Bernard Wilkie and Ron Oates
Title Sequence:Bernard Lodge
Title Music:Ron Grainer and the BBC Radiophonic Workshop. Arranged by Delia Derbyshire
Number of Doctors: 1
The Doctor: Patrick Troughton (The Second Doctor)
Number of Companions: 2The Companions: Frazer Hines (Jamie McCrimmon) and Deborah Watling (Victoria Waterfield) Guest Cast: Peter Sallis (Penley), Bernard Bresslaw (Varga) Additional Cast: Wendy Gifford (Miss Garrett), Peter Barkworth (Clent), George Waring (Arden), Malcolm Taylor (Walters), Peter Diamond (Davis), Angus Lennie (Storr), Roy Skelton (Voice of Computer), Roger Jones (Zondal), Sonny Caldinez (Turoc), Tony Harwood (Rintan), Michael Attwell (Isbur)Setting: Brittanicus Base, the future Villain: The Ice Warriors

The Episodes

No. Episodes Broadcast
(UK)
Duration Viewers
(Millions)
In Archive
180ONE11 November 196724'21"6.716mm telerecording
181TWO18 November 196724'16"7.1Missing
182THREE25 November 196723'58"7.4Missing
183FOUR02 December 196724'23"7.316mm telerecording
184FIVE09 December 196724'25"8.016mm telerecording
185SIX16 December 196723'58"7.416mm telerecording

Total Duration 2 Hours 25 Minutes


Audience Appreciation

Average Viewers (Millions) 7.3
Doctor Who Magazine Poll (1998)77.95%  (Position = 29 out of 159)
Doctor Who Magazine Poll (2009)72.50% Lower (Position = 78 out of 200)
Doctor Who Magazine Poll (2014)69.43% Lower (Position = 141 out of 241)


Archives


 Only episodes 1, 4, 5 and 6 exist as 16mm telerecordings. All other episodes are lost. Telesnaps (off-air camera photographs) from this story exist in the BBC Archives.



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Notes


This story introduces the Ice Warriors to Doctor Who.

This story apparently takes place in the year 3000, though this is not revealed in the story itself but from publicity material. The Brittanicus Ice Base, possibly in England, during 'the second ice age'. However, Leader Clent talks of 5000 years of history buried under the glacier, which might point to the Ice Age being around the year 5000 as mentioned by The Doctor in "The Talons of Weng-Chiang".

Deborah Watling was unable to attend the complete recording of the final episode. Consequently, Victoria Waterfield is asked (off-screen) to return to the TARDIS halfway through the episode.

Bernard Bresslaw, best known today for his many appearances in the Carry On... films, appears as the impressive Martian leader, Varga.

Peter Sallis, now well known as one of the stars of Last of the Summer Wine and the voice of Wallace in Wallace and Gromit, appears as the scientist-turned-scavenger Penley.

Instead of each episode being labelled ‘Episode 1’, ‘Episode 2’ etc., as had been the case with previous stories since the naming of individual episodes ceased with the First Doctor story "The Smugglers", the episodes in this story are identified unusually with the number appearing as one word - ‘ONE’, ‘TWO’ etc. Also there is an unusual fading in and out of the opening story title, episode number and writer credits.

Interestingly in this story The Ice Warriors never refer to their home planet as being Mars. Varga calls it 'the Red Planet' whose atmosphere is said to be mainly nitrogen based.

As to them being called Ice Warriors it is Walters who first coins this phrase to describe Varga. The Ice Warriors rarely refer to themselves by this title (the exception being in "The Monster of Peladon").

Due to the original Ice Warrior helmets being bulky and restrictive a new slimmer, more flexible version was constructed for Bernard Bresslaw, who played the main Ice Warrior, Varga. Unfortunately, this meant that Varga's appearance would shift noticeably between the pre-filmed segments and those that were then recorded in the studio. The other Ice Warrior costumes would also undergo varying degrees of refurbishment as this story was recorded.

For an unknown reason Miss Garrett's entire costume unexpectedly changes between the fifth and sixth episodes.

A real live bear was used in specially shot film inserts (as opposed to using stock footage).

At the end of last episode of the previous story, "The Abominable Snowmen", a special trailer was shown for "The Ice Warriors", featuring Clent (played by Peter Barkworth) and Penley (played by Peter Sallis).

A novelisation of this story, written by Brian Hayles, was published by Target Books in 1976. It is in this novelisation that the base computer is called ECCO. This name was not used in the televised story.

Unfortunately only the first and final three episodes currently exist in the BBC Archives. All six episodes were lost in the BBC's stock clearance of the 1970s and so all six episodes were reported missing from the BBC Film and Videotape Library following an audit in 1978. However, episodes one, four, five and six were returned, in August 1988, after being discovered in a forgotten vault at BBC Enterprises' Villiers House property. They were only discovered (apparently behind a filing cabinet) when the BBC was in the process of moving out of the building.

This story was released on VHS in November 1998 as part of The Ice Warriors Collection. This box set included all four remaining episodes with a linking "Special Reconstruction" to fill the two-episode gap. This reconstruction was 15 minutes long and used photos and the original soundtrack. Also included was a CD, containing a full version of the audio soundtrack of episodes 2 and 3, an Ice Warriors book ("A History of the Reptiles from the Red Planet") and a bonus VHS tape ("The Missing Years"). This special documentary, narrated by Frazer Hines and Deborah Watling, contained missing footage, Australian censor clips and 8mm recordings from other ‘missing’ stories along with the whole of episode 3 of "The Underwater Menace".

This story was released on DVD, in August 2013, with animated versions of episodes 2 and 3 along with the original soundtrack.

The Ice Warriors would appear in three more stories. These being: Once more with the Second Doctor, in the 1969 story "The Seeds of Death", and then twice with Third Doctor in the 1972 story "The Curse of Peladon" and its sequel "The Monster of Peladon" in 1974.

The Ice Warriors also feature in the BBC and Virgin books, as well as in the Big Finish Productions audio stories.



First and Last

The Firsts:

 The first appearance of The Ice Warriors.


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The Plot

WARNING: May Contain SpoilersHide Text
The Doctor and Varga
The Doctor and Varga

The TARDIS arrives on Earth in the far distant future and at a time of a new ice age. The Doctor and his two companions, Jamie McCrimmon and Victoria Waterfield, find that they have materialised near a large dome. They make their way inside and discover that the dome is protecting an old Georgian mansion known as Brittanicus Ice Base.

After making their way to the control area they discover scientists, commanded by Leader Clent, using an ioniser device to reflect and increase the sun's rays to combat the advance of a nearby glacier. But so far the Britannicus Ice Base is failing to stop the ice flows and Clent is under pressure to correct this. After preventing the Ioniser from exploding, coupled with The Doctor’s scientific analysis of the current ice age, Clent is persuaded that The Doctor’s presence would be useful – especially as head scientist, Penley, has become disillusioned with Clent’s methods and has left the Ice Base.

Meanwhile outside three members of the base discover a strange armoured man within the glacier. They dig the frozen humanoid creature out of the ice and return to the Ice Base. Back inside they place the humanoid creature, termed an ‘Ice Warrior’ by one of the scientists, in a storeroom to thaw. After The Doctor examines the frozen creature he leaves Jamie and Victoria to watch over it so he can join the scientists in an emergency meeting. However, the ice melts much faster than expected and the creature that was inside begins to show signs of life.

The Doctor, Victoria and Jamie
The Doctor, Victoria and Jamie

In the meeting The Doctor causes panic when he announces that his examination of the Ice Warrior has confirmed that it is not of this planet and so must have arrived in a spaceship. And as it must have become entombed during the last ice age it must still be in the glacier. It is also highly likely that this spaceship could be powered by atomic systems and so using the ioniser on that part of the glacier could cause a massive explosion that would destroy the Ice Base. The crew are just evaluating this news when Jamie bursts in and reports that the Ice Warrior has come to life and taken Victoria.

The Ice Warrior, known as Varga, has taken Victoria onto the glacier so as to find his fellow Ice Warriors and their spaceship. On locating the spaceship Varga sets about freeing his comrades, who are buried in the ice nearby. He also reveals to Victoria that their home planet is dead and that they arrived centuries ago, to conquer the Earth, but were overcome by the advancing ice. With his Ice Warriors brought back to life, thanks to some power packs liberated from the base, they set about excavating the spaceship from the ice.

Leader Clent
Leader Clent

The scientists meanwhile realise that The Doctor is correct and that they can’t risk using the ioniser near the spaceship. With the Ioniser out of action disaster from the advancing glacier is now imminent. Jamie is keen to find Victoria and so he volunteers to go outside with one of the scientists called Arden – who has been tasked with finding the alien spacecraft. They soon discover the Ice Warriors’ ice cave but their presence is detected and they are gunned down by the Ice Warriors, who leave them for dead. Luckily Jamie is still alive and is dragged to safety by Penley who has been observing the Ice Warriors and so witnessed the attack. However, a communication device, dropped by Arden, is left behind in the ice.

Meanwhile Victoria, who is unaware of what has been happening outside, escapes from the Ice Warriors’ spaceship. On reaching the entrance of the ice cave she finds the communicator device making it possible for her to talk to The Doctor and Clent. She is unable to answer any of Clent’s questions about the Spaceship’s propulsion systems, but is able to warn them about the Ice Warriors plan to invade Earth. What Victoria does not know is that the Ice Warriors allowed her to escape and that they intended her to contact the Ice Base. They are now aware of the predicament the humans in the Ice Base are in and why they have stopped using the Ioniser. The Ice Warriors also realise that the Ioniser is very powerful and could be used as a weapon against them. Victoria is captured again, but the sudden end to her communication, and not knowing what has happened to Jamie, prompts The Doctor to set out to rescue Victoria himself.

On his way up the glacier The Doctor spots Penley and so learns that Jamie is safe. He also realises that Penley holds the secret of making the Ioniser work more efficiently. The Doctor pleads with Penley to return to the Ice Base, with a recovering Jamie, and help Clent fix the Ionisor. Penley finally agrees, allowing The Doctor to continue with his mission to rescue Victoria. On reaching the spaceship The Doctor offers himself as an envoy which Varga agrees to. The Doctor is able to persuade Varga to release Victoria in exchange for his help to repair the engines - allowing the Ice Warriors to escape from the glacier. However, he discovers that there is nothing wrong with the engines - The Ice Warriors just ran out of fuel. The Doctor though is able to confirm that the propulsion system would explode if the Ioniser is used near the spacecraft. Still convinced that the Ioniser will be used against them, and because their spaceship is in danger of being buried under the glacier again, the Ice Warriors start to prepare a sonic cannon so as to attack the base first.

The Doctor and Miss Garrett
The Doctor and Miss Garrett

With the glacier still advancing and with the Ice Warriors seemingly determined to destroy the Ice Base The Doctor attempts to attack the Ice Warriors with a phial of ammonium sulphide, which he brought with him from the base thinking it will prove toxic to the aliens. However, during the struggle the sonic cannon is set off by accident but luckily its power is deflected by the Ice Base’s dome. Fearing the Ice Warriors will attack again and cause greater damage Clent contacts the Ice Warriors and persuades them to come to the Ice Base so as to discuss a truce. The Ice Warriors agree – but when the Ice Warriors arrive one of the scientists tries to attack them prompting the Ice Warriors to use their greater strength to gain access to the Ioniser which they start to dismantle so as to extract its mercury isotopes which could be used to power the Ice Warriors’ spaceship.

Back in the Ice Warriors’ spaceship The Doctor, with the help of Victoria, manages to gain access to the sonic cannon. After a few adjustments The Doctor fires it at the Ice Base’s dome. But due to The Doctor’s tampering no long lasting damage is done. The attack though is convincing enough for Varga and his Ice Warriors to retreat from the Ice Base. Before the Ice Warriors return The Doctor fuses the sonic cannon rendering it useless. The Doctor and Victoria then carefully make their way back to the Ice Base making sure they are not spotted by the Ice Warriors returning to their ship. When they reach the Ice Base The Doctor, with the help of Penley, fixes the Ioniser. They then use the Ioniser on the Ice Warriors’ spaceship, as it rises from the glacier, causing it to explode. The Ice Base’s instruments though show that the explosion was not as large as had been feared. The scientist then realise that the use of the modified Ioniser has also checked the ice flow.

With the Ice Warriors defeated, and with green shoots starting to emerge through the melting snow, The Doctor and his two companions slip quietly back to the TARDIS.

 
Miss Garrett, Jamie and Leader Clent
Miss Garrett, Jamie and Leader Clent
Victoria Confronted by Varga
Victoria Confronted by Varga
Victoria
Victoria
Zondal
Zondal
 
Deciding What To Do
Deciding What To Do
Victoria Trying to Escape
Victoria Trying to Escape
Victoria Screaming For Help
Victoria Screaming For Help
A Threatening Ice Warrior
A Threatening Ice Warrior




Quote of the Story


 'You won't succeed! You can't be so inhuman!'

Victoria



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Release Information

FormatTitleRelease Date (UK)Code NumberCover ArtRemarks
Video
VHS
The Ice WarriorsNovember 1998BBCV 6755Photo-montagePart of The Ice Warriors Collection (BBCV 6387) Includes episodes 1, 4, 5 and 6 only Also includes a 15-minute segment reconstructing episodes 2 and 3 in an abbreviated format, using photos and the original soundtrack The full original soundtrack of episodes 2 and 3 was also included on a CD along with a book on The Ice Warriors This box set also included a bonus video "The Missing Years"
Audio
CD
The Ice WarriorsAugust 2005Photo-montageNarrated by Frazer Hines (Jamie McCrimmon) Includes a bonus interview with Frazer Hines Double CD Release
Audio
CD
The Ice WarriorsFebruary 2012Photo-montagePart of the "Doctor Who: The Lost TV Episodes: Collection Four 1967" Box Set Narrated by Frazer Hines (Jamie McCrimmon)
Video
DVD
The Ice WarriorsAugust 2013BBCDVD 3558Photo-montageIncludes animated versions of episodes 2 and 3.


In Print

FormatTitleRelease Date (UK)PublisherAuthorCover ArtRemarks
Novel
Novel
Doctor Who and the Ice WarriorsMarch 1976Target No. 33Brian HaylesChris AchilleosISBN: 0-426-10866-3
(Green Logo Cover)
Novel
Novel
Doctor Who and the Ice Warriors1978Target No. 33Brian HaylesChris AchilleosISBN: 0-426-10866-3
(Red Logo Cover)
Novel
Novel
Doctor Who and the Ice Warriors1979Target No. 33Brian HaylesChris AchilleosISBN: 0-426-10866-3
(Blue Logo Cover)
CD
CD
Doctor Who and the Ice WarriorsJanuary 2010Target No. 33Brian HaylesChris AchilleosAudio version of the Target Novel read by Frazer Hines (Jamie McCrimmon).
Novel
Novel
Doctor Who and the Ice WarriorsMay 2012Target No. 33Brian HaylesChris AchilleosBBC reprint with introduction by Mark Gatiss. ISBN: 978-1-84990-477-3
Doctor Who CMS Magazine (An Adventure in Space and Time)Issue 39
Doctor Who Magazine - ArchiveIssue 149 (Released: June 1989)
Doctor Who Magazine - ArchiveIssue 150 (Released: July 1989)
Doctor Who Magazine - Telesnap ArchiveIssue 217 (Released: September 1994)
Doctor Who Magazine - Telesnap ArchiveIssue 218 (Released: October 1994)
Doctor Who Magazine - Telesnap ArchiveIssue 219 (Released: November 1994)
Doctor Who Magazine - ArchiveIssue 303 (Released: May 2001)
Doctor Who Magazine - Time TeamIssue 304 (Released: May 2001)
Doctor Who Magazine - Time TeamIssue 305 (Released: June 2001)
Doctor Who Magazine - The Fact of FictionIssue 459 (Released: May 2013)
Doctor Who Classic Comics - Telesnap ArchiveIssue 24 (Released: September 1994)
Doctor Who Classic Comics - Telesnap ArchiveIssue 25 (Released: October 1994)
Doctor Who Classic Comics - Telesnap ArchiveIssue 26 (Released: November 1994)

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Photo Gallery


The Doctor and Companions

 
Patrick Troughton
The Second Doctor

   

Frazer Hines
Jamie McCrimmon
 
Deborah Watling
Victoria Waterfield
   




On Release

VHS Video Cover
VHS Video Cover

BBC
VIDEO
Soundtrack CD Cover
Soundtrack CD Cover

BBC
AUDIO
The Lost TV Episodes: Collection Four CD Cover
The Lost TV Episodes: Collection Four CD Cover

BBC
AUDIO
DVD Cover
DVD Cover

BBC
VIDEO
   



In Print

Target Book Cover (Green Logo)
Target Book Cover (Green Logo)

Target
NOVEL
Target Book Cover (Red Logo)
Target Book Cover (Red Logo)

Target
NOVEL
Target Book Cover (Blue Logo)
Target Book Cover (Blue Logo)

Target
NOVEL
Target Audio CD Cover
Target Audio CD Cover

BBC
CD
   
Reprinted BBC Book Cover
Reprinted BBC Book Cover

BBC
NOVEL



Magazines

Doctor Who CMS Magazine (An Adventure in Space and Time): Issue 39
Doctor Who CMS Magazine (An Adventure in Space and Time): Issue 39

CMS
Doctor Who Magazine - Archive: Issue 149
Doctor Who Magazine - Archive: Issue 149

Marvel Comics
Doctor Who Magazine - Archive: Issue 150
Doctor Who Magazine - Archive: Issue 150

Marvel Comics
Doctor Who Magazine - Telesnap Archive: Issue 217
Doctor Who Magazine - Telesnap Archive: Issue 217

Marvel Comics
   
Doctor Who Magazine - Telesnap Archive: Issue 218
Doctor Who Magazine - Telesnap Archive: Issue 218

Marvel Comics
Doctor Who Magazine - Telesnap Archive: Issue 219
Doctor Who Magazine - Telesnap Archive: Issue 219

Marvel Comics
Doctor Who Magazine - Archive: Issue 303
Doctor Who Magazine - Archive: Issue 303

Marvel Comics
Doctor Who Magazine - Time Team: Issue 304
Doctor Who Magazine - Time Team: Issue 304

Marvel Comics
   
Doctor Who Magazine - Time Team: Issue 305
Doctor Who Magazine - Time Team: Issue 305

Marvel Comics
Doctor Who Magazine - The Fact of Fiction: Issue 459
Doctor Who Magazine - The Fact of Fiction: Issue 459

Marvel Comics
Doctor Who Classic Comics - Telesnap Archive: Issue 24
Doctor Who Classic Comics - Telesnap Archive: Issue 24

Marvel Comics
Doctor Who Classic Comics - Telesnap Archive: Issue 25
Doctor Who Classic Comics - Telesnap Archive: Issue 25

Marvel Comics
   
Doctor Who Classic Comics - Telesnap Archive: Issue 26
Doctor Who Classic Comics - Telesnap Archive: Issue 26

Marvel Comics


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